Marija Gimbutas

Picture of Marija Gimbutas

Date of Birth: 01/23/1921

Age: 73

Place of birth: Vilnius


Born in the family doctor, public figure, the author of books on Lithuanian history and medicine Danielius Alseyki (1881-1936) and doctor-ophthalmologist and public figure of Veronica Alseykene.

In 1931, together with his parents moved to Kaunas. After graduating from high school (1938), he studied at the University of the Humanities Department of Vytautas the Great, graduated from Vilnius University in 1942. She married an architect and leader of the Lithuanian press Jurgis Gimbutas. In 1944, together with her husband traveled to Germany. In 1946 she graduated from the University of Tubingen. Since 1949 he lived in the United States, working at Harvard and the University of California.

In 1960 Gimbutas visited Moscow and Vilnius, where she met with her mother. In 1981 he lectured in Vilnius and Moscow. She died in Los Angeles; May 8, 1994 the remains were reburied at the cemetery Petrashyunskom in Kaunas.

Kurgan hypothesis

Gimbutas - author of 23 books, including such generalizing research as "Baltic" (1963) and "Slavs" (1971). The archeology has been an innovator, combined actual archaeological research with deep knowledge of the Indo-European linguistics. It contributed significantly to the study of the ancient history of the Indo-European peoples and, in particular, the Slavs.

In 1956 Marija Gimbutas took the Kurgan hypothesis that revolutionized Indo-European. The homeland of the Indo-Europeans she was looking for in the steppes of South Russia (Pit Grave Culture). I tried to identify the archaeological evidence ( "kurganizatsiya") invasion steppe Indo-inEurope. Joseph Campbell compared the value of her early works with a value for the Indo deciphering the Rosetta stone for Egyptology.

Old Europe

Later works Gimbutas, especially the trilogy "Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe" (1974), "Language of the Goddess" (1989) and the "Civilization of the Goddess" (1991), caused the rejection of the academic community. They follow in the footsteps of "White Goddess" by Robert Graves, Gimbutas painted an idealized picture of the pre-Indo matriarchal society of Old Europe - built in the world, equality and tolerance for homosexual (a fragment of the society - the Minoan civilization). As a result of the invasion of the Indo-Europeans to replace the "golden age" came androkratiya - the power of men, built on war and blood. These judgments Gimbutas caused a positive response among the feminist movement and the neo-pagan orientation (eg., Wicca), but did not receive support in the scientific community.

Especially it caused a mixed reaction expressed by Gimbutas in 1989 terteriyskih interpretation of the inscriptions as the most ancient in the world of writing, which was allegedly used in the pre-Indo-European.


In Vilnius, the building on the street Yogaylos (Jogailos g. 11), which in the years 1918-1931 and 1921-1931 the parents their daughter Maria Gimbutene, a memorial plate to live. In Kaunas, a memorial plaque with bas-relief of Mary Gimbutene installed on the house on the street Mitskyavichyaus (Mickevi & # 269;. Iaus g), in which she had lived in 1932-1940, respectively.

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