Date of Birth: 01/13/1967
Place of birth: Moscow
Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse was born on January 13, 1967 in Moscow. Her father, Alexander of Hesse, was a programmer, then became an entrepreneur. Mentioned in the media and her mother, Helen Minkin (in exile wrote under the name of Hesse), translator and literary critic.
In Moscow, Maria Hesse studied at the 57th fizmatshkole. In 1981, she and her parents emigrated to the United States. In America I was in high school in Brooklyn (not graduated from school "by mistake"). Then, Hesse was trained in the specialty "Architecture" at the Institute of Cooper Union (Cooper Union), New York and Rhode Eylandt School of Design (Rhode Island School of Design), and later studied in another institute and two postgraduate studies in "History of public movements "," American history "and" law. " None of the schools she graduated. However, Hesse, "is already leaving to study formally, managed to visit twice Fellows of Harvard University" (Harvard University): listening to lectures on the economy in 2003-2004, and in 2008-2009 was engaged in studies of the Russian blogosphere.
In 17 years, Hesse began working in journalism, and at age 21 became the editor of a Boston youth magazine Next. After moving to New York, she worked at Out Week gay magazine, and then - in the magazine The Advocate in Los Angeles. Later, Hesse told in an interview in 1999, she moved to freelance work, published in particular journals Lingua Franca and The New Republic, where she specialized in Eastern Europe and Russia. Later, in his biography for the publication of "snob" she called herself Lingua Franca editor and special correspondent for The New Republic.
In 1991, Hesse returned to Moscow as a freelance reporter. In 1993, Hesse has restored Russian citizenship (while retaining the US), in 1994 moved to Moscow for permanent residence. Since 1993 she has worked as a correspondent in the former Yugoslav republics, where a series of reports written for Slate magazine, visited Kosovo, where he wrote about the local education system for Lingua Franca magazine. In 1995-1996, Hesse also visited vChechnyu.
From 1996 to 2000, Hesse worked in the magazine "Itogi", which was first a columnist, then - head of the group of correspondents. In 1999, he led the coverage of Belgrade during the NATO bombing ( "wrote literally from the underground ... when all foreign journalists expelled").
In 2000-2001 he headed the bureau of American Hesse weekly US News & World Report, and in 2002 became chief editor of the BBC News portal, succeeding Mikhail Fishman. Portal worried at this point hard times after the departure of several key figures, including chief editor and chief ideologue of the project Kirill Rogov. Led by Masha Gessen site changed the design and concept, he began to write "about the people, not the politicians, for the people, not for the experts and of society, rather than political maneuvering." Completely changed with her and the team of journalists. With post BBC News editor Hesse left in 2003. In the future, their experience in managing the portal she called a failure.
In 2004-2005, Hesse was the deputy chief editor of "Big City" Alexei Kazakov. In November 2006 she became chief editor of the magazine Gala in Russia. However, in August 2007, the editorial staff, led by Masha Gessen left the Gala as a result of disagreements with the publisher of the magazine, the German publishing house Gruner Und Jahr, general director in Russia was Aybl Christina (Christina Eibl). According to the journalists, the glossy magazine management interfered in the creative process, setting the tacit censorship. In turn, representatives of the publisher blamed Gala team in "political provocation." Slow growth rates Gala advertising campaign, which has become a formal reason for the dismissal of editors at the publisher`s opinion, was caused by the mismatch of the materials of the magazine concept. The very same Hesse, emphasizing that when it was not "over the magazine advertising campaign made by the previous team", including the reasons for failure Gala called inflated circulation publications.
C 2008, Hesse worked as deputy chief editor of the project "Snob" Vladimir Yakovlev. In March 2011, 25 participants in the project included in the media group "Live!" Mikhail Prokhorov, demanded the resignation of the editorial board, and then left the "snob". Managers of the project, including Masha Gessen, they are accused of intolerance, anti-Russian ideology and commitment to the promotion of homosexuality. The journalist denied the accusations, saying at the same time as the publication policy involves combating various manifestations of social conservatism, including homophobia and anti-Semitism.
September 15, 2011 it became known that Hesse is leaving the post zamglavreda "Snob". Together with her from the publication took most of the journalists. According to former employees of the "Snob", the cause of the resignation could be differences between Hesse and Yakovlev. Shortly thereafter, on 28 October, he was fired and the editor in chief of the project, Vladimir Yakovlev.
In October 2011, the general director of the publishing house "Around the World" Svetlana Golovatyuk reported that in January 2012, Masha Gessen replace Sergei Parkhomenko as chief editor of the publishing house and the magazine "Around the World".
Hessen - the winner of the prize of "The Banner" (1995), winner of the contest "Golden Gong-96." She is the author of books in English, "Rights of gays and lesbians in Russia" (The Rights of Lesbians and Gay Men in the Russian Republic An International Gay & Lesbian Human Rights Commission Report, 1993.) "Again, the dead Russian intelligentsia after communism." (Dead Again: The Russian Intelligentsia after Communism, 1997); "As my grandmother Hitler survived the war and the Stalinist world" (Two Babushkas: How My Grandmothers Survived Hitler`s War and Stalin`s Peace, 2004). In addition, Hesse translated into English novel Valerie Narbikovoy "About environ" ( "In the Here and There"), and in 2009 presented the biography of mathematician Grigory Perelman "Perfect Rigour: A Genius and the Mathematical Breakthrough of the Century". In 2011, the book was published in Russian under the title "Perfect rigor. Perelman. The genius and the challenge of the Millennium." Hesse also wrote the book "Blood proceedings" ( "Blood Matters", published in English in 2008), in which, based on personal experience, described the existing US practice of preventive operations to remove a breast due to cancer risk, caused by a genetic predisposition (similar operation she underwent in August 2004).
Mention of Hesse, and as the author of the biography of Vladimir Putin called "The Man Without a Face: the incredible ascent of Vladimir Putin" ( "The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin"). This was announced in October 2011, one month after Putin agreed for the third time to run for president of Russia in the next presidential election. It was noted that Hesse book is due out March 1, 2012 in the publishing house Riverhead. Earlier Masha Gessen spoke with Putin`s criticism, calling him a culprit folding of democratic reforms in the country, the abolition of free elections and the concentration of power in the hands of a limited group of persons. Publishers Weekly and The Washington Post, wrote about the release of the book, said that Masha Gessen conceal their whereabouts, as he feared for his safety, and related this fact with the upcoming publication. Sama journalist denied the allegations, calling them an invention of foreign PR.
Hesse came from a family of Ashkenazi Jews and a Jewess by religion. At the same time it is an open lesbian and actively defends the rights of sexual minorities. In the media it was mentioned as a member of the board of directors based in 1993 the Moscow Center of gays, lesbians and bisexuals "Triangle" (ceased to exist in 1998).
In Hessen two children - Vova and Elka (1997 and 2001 birth). The boy was adopted in Kaliningrad, Mary gave birth to a girl herself, both children US citizens. In 2004, the United States has been registered marriage Masha Gessen a Russian citizen Sven Generalova.
Appeared in the press and brothers Hesse. According to the 2006, her younger brother, a journalist and writer Keith Gessen (Keith Gessen), was the editor of the New York literary journal "n + 1". The other two younger brothers - Danya and Phil - also live in the United States (in 2007, they, along with their son and daughter Masha mentioned in the media as "the children of the family of Hesse").