Date of Birth: 09/09/1922
Place of birth: Apiranfos
Manolis Glezos was born on the island of Naxos in the village Apiranfos or Aperatu.
Since 1935, his family moved to Athens. He graduated from high school, worked in a pharmacy. In 1940 he enrolled in the Higher School of Economic and Commercial Studies (now the Athens University of Economics and Business). Since 1939, he participated in the resistance movement against the Italian occupation of the Dodecanese islands and the Metaxas dictatorship. Despite the desire to fight the aggressors, age (17 years) did not allow him to serve in the Greek Army. In the context of the Italo-German occupation, he joined the underground struggle, while continuing to work in the Greek Red Cross mission in the municipality of Athens.
On the night of May 31, 1941, along with fellow underground Apostolos Santas climbed the Acropolis and tore it installed on April 27 Nazi flag with a swastika, which was under heavy guard. It was the first act of resistance to Nazi occupation of Greece, the Greeks raised a lot of fighting. Onslaught Glezos and Santas was met with enthusiasm and the international anti-fascist movement; for this feat Charles de Gaulle called Glezos` first partisan of the Second World War. "
The Nazis were sentenced in absentia Glezos and Santas to death. March 24, 1942 Manolis Glezos was arrested by the German secret police and tortured in prison, bringing contracted tuberculosis. The Nazis released him from prison, but the April 21, 1943 he was detained by the Italian already occupying forces. After 3 months in prison, Glezos was released. February 7, 1944 was arrested again - this time Greek collaborators. 7 September he managed to escape.
Since the liberation of Greece from the invaders Manolis Glezos became editor (and since 1947 - the editor in chief), organ of the Communist Party of Greece - the newspaper "Rizospastis". August 10 the newspaper was closed, and March 3, 1948 Manolis Glezos was arrested and sentenced to several terms. For the first time the death penalty was sentenced in October 1948, and March 21, 1949 was sentenced to it again. However, public outcry forced the government to replace the death penalty hero anti-fascist life imprisonment. While in prison, Manolis Glezos September 9, 1951 he was elected to Parliament from the United Democratic Left party (EDA), but the authorities revoked the mandate.
In 1958, Manolis Glezos was arrested along with several colleagues on false charges of spying for the Soviet Union. In July 1959, he was sentenced to 5 years in prison and four years of exile, but in 1962, under international pressure was released. More while in prison in 1961, he was re-elected to the Greek parliament, but the second time the mandate was revoked by the authorities.
In 1967, Manolis Glezos was arrested again on the night of the military coup of the junta`s "Black Colonels" and held in prison for 4 years.
After the restoration of democracy in Greece Manolis Glezos engaged in the revival of the party EDA. In 1981 and 1985 he was elected a member of the Greek Parliament, and in 1984 also became a member of the European Parliament (on the list of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement). In 1985-1989 he headed the EDA, which is moved closer to the Coalition of the Left Party and Progress (synaspismos), in 1991, transformed into a single party.
In 1986 he voluntarily left the European Parliament to do the project for the implementation of direct democracy and socialist distribution on the ground. Glezos retired to his native island of Naxos, where he was elected chairman of the local council of the village Apiranfos. He was able to replace the executive authority of the local administration of an effective mechanism for decision-making by all the inhabitants of this community with a population of 1,100 people. As a result, in the village were open university weather station and four museums (geological, archaeological, natural history and folk art). However, the experiment was foiled by the efforts of the central authorities, reassigned Apiranfos larger administrative unit - the local municipality. Last closed weather station and two university branch.
In the parliamentary elections of 2000 Manolis Glezos headed the electoral list of the party left "synaspismos". In 2002 he founded his own political association "Active Citizens". The electoral alliance of the radical left forces outside the KKE, which was formed around him in the local elections of 2002 gipernome Athens-Piraeus (Administrative District of Attica), won 10.8% of the votes and 4 seats in the municipality. In 2004, led by Glezos "Active Citizens" included in the Coalition of the Radical Left "& # 931; & # 933; & # 929; & # 921; & # 918; & # 913;" along with "synaspismos" as well as a number of smaller evrokommunisticheskogo parties, levosotsialisticheskogo, Trotskyist and Maoist.
March 4, 2010 Manolis Glezos participated in demonstrations in Athens and suffered from police action, using tear gas. Gas was Glezos, who tried to intercede for the young comrades, right in the face. 87-year veteran of the liberation struggle was burned corneas and subsequently delivered a lecture at the Police Academy, calling on security forces to renounce the use of tear gas against his own people.
In 2014 he was elected to the European Parliament by SYRIZA. A few months later he gave up the mandate. He headed the list of "Popular Unity" in the elections to Parliament of Greece in September 2015.
In addition to his political activities Glezos developed for Apiranfos town where he was born, a system to prevent flooding, erosion control and conservation of groundwater, which is working on the design kakseriya very small dams to redirect the water flow in aquifers.
Glezos is a geologist and amateur ecologist. He was elected an honorary member of the Greek Geological Society (1986, for his contribution to the popularization of geological sciences, personal contribution to the science and environmental protection) and the Geotechnical Chamber of Greece (2002, for his contribution to the science of water and protection of the environment). Manolis Glezos is an honorary doctor of Patras (1996, for his merits in the development of geological sciences and environmental protection), in Thessalonica (2001, for the protection of water and land resources and the environment) and the National Technical University of Athens (2003, for his contributions to geology and mining ), as well as the philosophy of the School of Athens national University of Capodistria (2008). Collection organized by Manolis Glezos Geological Museum auf Naxos is one of the largest in the country.
Manolis Glezos - author of 12 published and 13 prepared for the publication of books. He wrote: "History Book" (published in 1974), "From Dictatorship to Democracy" (1974), "The phenomenon of alienation in the language" (1977), "Man and Nature", "The national resistance in 1940-1945" ( 2006) and other works.
He speaks English, French and Italian. While in prison, he taught himself Russian. Repeatedly visited the Soviet Union, which were carried out in support of the solidarity campaign and was named the peak in the Pamirs. By his own admission Glezos, Khrushchev even offered him to work in the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance to implement the proposed Glezos CMEA idea of ??a single currency.
Example of use of the name in the language: "Free as Manolis Glezos"
International Prize for Journalism (1958).
"The gold medal of the world" it. Frederic Joliot-Curie, the World Peace Council (1959).
"For Strengthening Peace Among Nations" International Lenin Prize (1963).