Date of Birth: 02/10/1869
Place of birth: Porbandar
(Mahatma) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar Gujarat principality died - 30 January 1948 in New Delhi.
Gandhi`s father was a minister in several principalities of Kathiawar peninsula. Gandhi grew up in a family where strictly adhered to Hindu religious customs that influenced the formation of his world view.
After receiving his law degree in 1891 in England, Gandhi until 1893 practiced law in Bombay. In 1893-1914 he served as Counsel Gujarati trading company in South Africa. Here, Gandhi led the struggle against racial discrimination and harassment of Indians by organizing peaceful demonstrations, petitions to the government. As a result the South African the Indians succeeded otmenynekotoryh discriminatory laws.
In South Africa, Gandhi developed the tactics of so-called non-violent resistance, which he called Satyagraha. During the Anglo-Boer (1899-1902) and the Anglo-Zulu (1906) wars Gandhi created the ambulance corps of Indians to help the British, though, by his own admission, he considered a fair fight the Boers and the Zulus; his actions he considered as proof of loyalty to the British Indian Empire, which, in the opinion of Gandhi, was to persuade the British to grant India self-government. During this period, Gandhi became acquainted with the works of Leo Tolstoy, who had a great influence on him and whom Gandhi regarded as his teacher and spiritual mentor.
On their return (January 1915) Gandhi became friendly with the Indian National Congress and soon became one of the leaders of the national liberation movement of India, the ideological leader of the Congress. After the 1 st World War 1914-18 in India, as a result of a sharp aggravation of contradictions between the Indian people and the colonizers and by the Great October Socialist Revolution, the mass anti-imperialist movement. Gandhi realized that, without relying on the masses, it is impossible to obtain from the colonial or independence or self-government, nor any other concessions.
Gandhi and his followers traveled to India, speaking at mass meetings with calls for struggle against British rule. Etuborbu Gandhi limited exclusively non-violent forms of condemning all violence on the part of the revolutionary people. He also condemned the class struggle and preached the resolution of social conflicts through arbitration, proceeding from the principle of trusteeship.
This position Gandhi with the interests of the Indian bourgeoisie, and the Indian National Congress Party supported her completely. In the 1919-47 National Congress led by Gandhi became a massive national anti-imperialist organization, which enjoyed the support of the people. The involvement of the masses in the national liberation movement is the main merit of Gandhi and the source of his immense popularity among the people, known as Mahatma Gandhi (great soul).