Date of Birth: 03/21/1775
The third son of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, the younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte. With seven years he studied at Autun in France with his older brother Joseph, he was subsequently transferred to the Brienne, it met with the second brother, Napoleon. Lucien did not want to join the military, and decided to devote himself to spiritual career and entered the seminary in Aix-en-Provence. Revolution in France forced him to return to Ajaccio. At age 15, he became secretary of Pascal Paoli. In 1793, he left Paolo and by going along with the rest of the family on the side of France and of the Convention, has been expelled from the island and settled in Provence. There he enjoyed documents older brother Joseph, who made his senior by seven years. In 1794 he married the daughter of the innkeeper Christine Boyer.
Severely compromised, as well as his brothers, after the fall of Robespierre in 1795, Lucien was arrested and sent to prison, where he remained for six weeks, and only thanks to Barras, Napoleon was able to release him. He soon took the place of the military commissioner in the army of the Rhine, and then the same position in Corsica. Thanks to Napoleon`s glory, he was able to be elected to the Council of Five Hundred from Liamoni Department. Lucien Bonaparte, heading the Council of Five Hundred, played a crucial role in the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 November) in 1799. As a result, all power was concentrated in the hands of the First Consul - Napoleon Bonaparte, received dictatorial powers in the country. Lucien was appointed Minister of Internal Affairs, in 1800-1801 he served in the diplomatic service.
Lucien different sloppy conduct of affairs of his department and doubtful honesty, so Napoleon`s brother released from his duties and sent into honorable exile, appointed ambassador to Spain. In Madrid, he managed to ingratiate himself with Charles IV of Spain and achieve the conclusion of an alliance with France, directed against Portugal. In 1802, after several failed diplomatic steps he returned to Paris and lived a rich investor.
After his wife died in 1800, leaving him with two daughters, he married Alexandrine Blesham which in 1803 gave birth to his son, Charles Lucien. His marriage caused Napoleon`s displeasure, saying that he will never recognize a legitimate marriage, then Lucien went with his wife in Rome, where he lived using the location of the Pope Pius VII. That gave him the land near the town of Viterbo Canino, and Lucian proclaimed Prince of Canino. Napoleon razpredlagal Lucien crown under the conditions of termination of his marriage and after a personal meeting with him in Mantua in December 1807, received a firm refusal on the part of his brother, had forbidden him to stay in Rome. In 1810, Lucien went to the United States, but the road was captured by the British and taken to Malta, and from there to Plymouth. Reconciled with Napoleon, he was in every way contributed to his return from Elba. After the Hundred Days, Lucien Bonaparte, together with all had to leave France. He died in exile in 1840.
From marriage to Christine Boyer (1773-1801) Lucien she had two daughters:
* Charlotte (1795-1865), in 1815 married Prince Gabrielli
* Christina Egypt (1798-1847), was married twice: the first time in the Swedish count Arved Posse, the second - for the Lord Dudley Kautsom.
From marriage to Alexandrine Blesham (1778-1855) Lucien left nine children:
* Charles Lucien (1803-1857), Prince of Canino, an eminent zoologist, in 1822 married Zenaide, daughter of Joseph Bonaparte
* Leticia (1804-1871), in 1821 she married Sir Thomas Wise
* Jeanne (1806-1828), in 1825 she married Honore, Marquis Onorati
* Paul (1808-1827)
* Louis Lucien (1813-1891), a linguist at the Basque language specialist, has been married since 1832 to Italian Maria Anna Cecchi
* Pierre Napoleon (1815-1881), in 1867, married the daughter of an ordinary worker Justine Eleonore Ryuflen
* Antoine (1816-1877), in 1839 he married Maria Anna Carolina Cardinali
* Maria Alexandrina (1818-1874), married an Italian count Valentini
* Constance (1823-1876), Abbess of the Sacred Heart in Rome.
In their spare time, the policy of Lucien Bonaparte studied literature and in 1799 published a novel