Date of Birth: 01/29/1902
Place of birth: Zvenigorod
The Soviet Marlene Dietrich
Author: Andrew Puminov
The Early Years
Lyubov Orlova was born on January 29, 1902 in the town of Zvenigorod near Moscow. She belonged to an ancient noble family. Her father was in the military and had a royal award. His mother belonged to an ancient family Sukhotin, who is a relative of Leo Tolstoy. The actress has always been proud of the book `Caucasian plennik` donated her childhood by the writer.
Orlov grew smart and talented girl, so parents wanted her to study acting. The same opinion has been known singer Feodor Chaliapin. When he saw the game at home six year old Luba play `Mushroom perepoloh`, he said that it has a great acting future.
Besides artistic abilities, Love was fond of music, so parents have defined it in the music school. She continued her studies at the Moscow Conservatory in piano, but to finish it and could not. The Revolution and the Civil War deprived of almost all family Orlov.
In 1922, Love entered the choreographic department GITIS current and parallel took acting classes at the teacher Telesheva. Some time Orlova worked pianist and music teacher, until she took a chorus girl in the musical theater under the leadership of Nemirovich-Danchenko. There she was able to reveal his acting potential and express themselves throughout the country.
In 1926 Lyubov Orlova married Andrei Berzin, who has worked in the financial management of the People`s Commissariat of Agriculture. However, the marriage was short-lived. Once in 1931, Berzin repressed and sent to Kazakhstan, Orlov never saw her husband. In the Soviet Union has always denied the existence of relations outside of marriage, but now it is no secret that the young actress had several love affairs. She had an affair with the director of the theater Nemirovich-Danchenko and Austrian impresario Franz.
Thanks to his talent and hard work made Orlova exit from the choir and became a soloist of the theater. In 1932, she shone on stage in the role of pericolitis on the eponymous operetta by Offenbach. Here she saw for the first time Grigory Alexandrov. At that time a little known director was looking for an actress for the lead role in the musical comedy `Merry rebyata` (1934). On the first day of the meeting they were madly in love with each other.
On the set of `Merry rebyat` Orlova affair with Aleksandrov discussed the entire shooting part. After the movie, they got married and never parted. Tall, handsome and pretty Gregory Love, which had a beautiful doll, were made for each other. They are jealous of the good and beautiful couple called the Soviet Union.
The meeting Alexandrov and Orlova had historical significance. It is their creative tandem was behind the formation of the Soviet cinema. Thanks to the director`s talent and artistic skill Alexandrov Orlova cinema has become the most popular vidomiskusstva seriously surpassing the theater. Picture `Merry rebyata` who admired Stalin himself, was the first work of their fruitful cooperation.
According to the critic Vitaly Wolfe, Alexandrov `sdelal` Lyubov Orlova in the image of Marlene Dietrich. This could guess only a narrow circle of people who had access to Western cinema. Soviet spectator it knew nothing. For him, a type Orlova was a man of modern times - charming, optimistic, cheerful, aggressively stepping into a bright future. Alexander, who had been in Europe and the well-known foreign films skillfully combined the Western and Soviet traditions and made a unique way, a favorite around the world.
That is why the director of the film, and in particular the Lyubov Orlova, had such success in Europe. `Tsirk` Paintings (1936),` Volga-Volga` (1938), `Vesna` (1947),` Pick up Elbe` (1949), in which Alexander took his wife, received prestigious awards at international festivals. The actress won the Venice Film Festival Award for Best Actress in the film `Vesna`, as well as many other awards.
Despite the great popularity in Europe, Lyubov Orlova was devoted to the Soviet public. She became a star of the screen, the symbol of the new era. Stalin adored actress and did not regret it for the awards. In 1947 he made the Orlov People`s Artist of the RSFSR, and three years later - the People`s Artist of the USSR. In addition, the leader of the people awarded actress two Stalin Prize - for his roles in the films `` Tsirk` and Meeting at Elbe`. It is said that Stalin`s favorite picture was `Volga-Volga`, he showed himself to Churchill.
Lyubov Orlova almost starred in the films of other directors. She was betrayed by Aleksandrov in everything: in love and at work. With the onset of World War II, the couple were evacuated to Alma-Ata. After returning to Moscow, Orlov settled in the Moscow Theater. Moscow City Council, where she played a lot of great roles. For example, the role of Mrs. Savage staged `Strange Mrs. Sevidzh`.
The last movie that Aleksandrov and Orlova, `Swallow and Lira` (1974), in which she played scout Lyudmila Grekov, and never released. Even then, the actress was seriously ill - she was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, and all the doctors could do, it is to relieve her suffering. Orlova fought to the last, but was unable to defeat the disease. January 26, 1975 great actress died.
In the last years of his life Lyubov Orlova and Grigory Alexandrov almost not separated. They had a favorite place - giving in Vnukovo, where the wife could be alone. Sometimes they looked old friends - Rostislav Plyatt and Faina Ranevskaya. Despite the fact that the film career Orlova did not have a lot of movies, it will always be remembered as a star of Soviet cinema. Thanks to the movie gained huge popularity, it has reached a whole new level. And the image created by actress, loved around the world.