Date of Birth: 08/02/1805
Place of birth: Puget-Tene
Born on February 1, 1805 in the Alpine village of Puget-Tene. He studied in an atmosphere of discord and conspiracy that distinguished Parisian students in the period of the Bourbon restoration in 1815-1830. Entered into a secret revolutionary society of the Carbonari, in 1827 he was wounded during a rebellion against the government of Charles X. Blanca participated in the overthrow of the monarchy in the July Revolution of 1830. After making sure of betraying the revolution the new king, Louis Philippe, he joined the most radical opposition to the July Monarchy. Blanca was a member of the secret societies, disclosed by the police in 1836 and 1839. In May 1839, after the failure of the uprising has been jailed.
Beginning in February 1848 revolution opened, to convince friends and enemies Forms, new opportunities for the application of his talents. Involuntarily accompanying crowd to disperse the Constituent Assembly on May 15, he was arrested and was in prison until the amnesty in 1859, declared Napoleon III.
After the liberation of forms he was immediately involved in a new revolutionary cycle: conspiracy, imprisonment, escape, exile. After 1865 he led the Belgian secret organization of workers and students in Paris. Consisting of representatives of the middle strata of the "government of national defense" was replaced by the power of Napoleon III. Blanks kept it up as long as he came to the conclusion that the new government slaboi hesitantly waging war against Prussia.
March 17, 1871 he was arrested on the order of a new national executive headed by A.Terom - the day before the beginning of the armed conflict in Paris. Blanquists played an important role in the history of the Commune, but they lacked a leader. Thiers refused to exchange forms in the Communards taken hostages, believing that it is the most implacable opponent of the Army Corps.
The Third Republic, which arose on the ruins of the Second Empire and the Commune, Blanks kept in prison until 1879, when as a result of a political campaign he had become a member of the Chamber of Deputies. After his release from prison, he returned to the political scene. He died in Paris Blanks 1 January 1881. His followers set up a faction in the International and a separate faction in the Socialist Party. After the split on bulanzhizme (Movement for the transfer of power to the popular French general Zh.Bulanzhe) residues Blanquists eventually became part of the French Socialist Party.
Despite the defeat, Blanks had an impact on several generations of French radicals. It is believed that through the Russian revolutionary P.N.Tkacheva he influenced the formation of the views of Lenin. The term "Blanquism" is still used in Europe to describe the putschist and adventurist policy ideas.