Date of Birth: 12/27/1859
Ludwig Zamenhof, Esperanto initiator [15 (27) .12.1859, Bialystok, - 14 (27) .4.1917, Warsaw]. He was born in the Polish town of Bialystok, located in Grodno province. His father, Marcus Zamenhof, was a teacher of foreign languages.
The boy was very curious. Russian, French and German, he studied as a child, then mastered Greek and Latin, and in the 5th grade school began to study English. Owned 20 languages.
In the town where he was born, lived people 4 nationalities is particularly felt Multilangauge barrier. It is much sunk into his child`s soul. Insightful boy soon noticed that most of the words - pure roots common to the Indo-European languages, and different content they give suffixes, and devoted his life to the creation of an auxiliary language, common to all nations, but neutral, does not belong to any nation.
From 1879 to 1885 he studied in Moscow, Warsaw, Vienna, graduated and began working as a doctor-ophthalmologist in Warsaw. In July 1887 a 40-page brochure that includes full grammar and 912 roots has been published in Russia.
He knew what fate awaited a physician, let me deal with fantasy, so the book was signed by the pseudonym "Dr Esperanto" under the motto: "To the universal language was not enough to call it so." Within six months, the initiator has received more than 10,000 responses from people who studied Esperanto and sent their suggestions and criticisms. By the end of the year, he released the second edition, in which he wrote: "I am not the creator, I`m only an initiator, to make it a wonderful world can only. If any Academy said he wanted to take all of this work, I will send all the material to her, and he will leave the scene as the initiator and done simply another international language, as well as others. If none of this is not taken, I will continue to publish suggestions and criticism, and after discussion language will take its final shape. "
Later published dictionaries of Esperanto, anthologies and selected editions of their original works and translations into Esperanto classics of world art. In 1959-60 on the UNESCO`s decision was widely celebrated the centenary of the birth of Zamenhof.