Lillian Moller Gilbreth
Date of Birth: 05/24/1878
Place of birth: Auckland
Citizenship: United States
The founder of the science of movements
Lillian Moller Gilbreth, birth Lilly Evelyn Moller (Lillie Evelyn Moller), was born on May 24, 1878 th, in Oakland, California (Oakland, California), and was the second of ten children of William Moller (William Moller) and Annie Delger Moller (Annie Delger Moller). Her parents had German roots. Lillian to nine years she studied at home until he was admitted to the school, where she had to start all over again. However, Gilbreath skip classes. She attended Oakland High School (Oakland High School), which was chosen as vice-president in high school. In May 1896 Lilly graduated from high school with honors.
Gilbreath became a graduate of the University of California (University of California) in 1900, with a BA in English literature. Originally, she had planned to get a degree at Columbia University (Columbia University), where Edward Thorndike (Edward Thorndike) taught courses in psychology. However Gilbreath became ill and returned home, and in 1902 she received a master`s degree in literature at the University of California. Her thesis was on the play `Bartholomew yarmarka` (` Bartholomew Fair`) Ben Johnson (Ben Jonson).
When her family moved to New England (New England), Lilian was admitted to Brown University (Brown University) and in 1915 received a doctorate in philosophy, writing his second thesis - on the topic of effective learning methods. Being at the same time promising engineer, wife and mother, Gilbreath utmost help industrial engineers to understand how important the psychological aspects of the work. She became the first American engineer who wove a wonderful synthesis of psychology and scientific management.
After October 19, 1904 th she married Frank, a couple had planned to have a family of 12 children. The plan was successfully implemented, and only one of the siblings did not live to adulthood. Gilbreth children often become participants in its experiments.
She played an important role in the way now looks like a modern kitchen, creating a `working treugolnik` and models of kitchen sets the line type. In addition to the education of children, Gilbreath wrote books that help companies to improve management skills. Her work in the government began thanks to a long-standing friendship with Herbert Hoover (Herbert Hoover) and his wife, Lou Henry Hoover (Lou Henry Hoover). At the request of Lou Lilian joined the Girl Scouts on the rights adviser in 1929 and later became a member of the board of directors of the youth movement. She remained active at that organization over 20 years.
When the Hoover administration Gilbreth led the women`s Committee on Employment Sector (President`s Emergency Committeefor Employment) in 1930, helping in cooperation with women`s groups to reduce the unemployment rate. During World War II she was advisor to several government groups, sharing knowledge in the field of education and labor, including the Navy United States (USN).
After the death of her husband Lillian began to lecture in 1925 at Purdue University (Purdue University), where Frank taught previously. By 1940 th she became a full professor at the University, torn between the departments of industrial engineering, industrial psychology, economics, and managing to work in the dean`s office, which advised women on career building. She retired from Purdue in 1948. At the age of 86 years Gilbret became resident lecturer at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1964.
Gilbreath died January 2, 1972-th, 94 year of life, in Phoenix, Arizona (Phoenix, Arizona).