Lidiya Rudnina

Picture of Lidiya Rudnina

Date of Birth: 08/17/1883

Age: 81

Citizenship: France


The actress of the Alexandrinsky Theatre, KN Nezlobin and F. A. Korsch, later film actress, silent film star in 1919 with her husband, S. Sokolov-Krechetova left Russia in exile engaged in publishing activities.

It was a favorite of the Russian public, in the heyday of Russian silent cinema the biggest movie stars were Vera Cold, Vera Coralli and Lydia Ryndina.

She began her career as a dramatic actress in Kiev, in Sinelnikov. Then he played two years in theater Korsch in Moscow. And then eight years Nezlobin "Emerald spider" Auslander "Red zucchini" and "psyche" Yuri Belyaev, "King Dagobert" Rivoire (Teffi translation), "Eaglet" and "Princess of Dreams" Rostand.

In 1913 he began to act in films - first at Yermolyeva, where her partners were Mozzhukhin and Strizhevskiy, and then on Khanzhonkov studio, where it played in different scenes Polonsky, Radin.

Khanzhonkov in the book "The first years of Russian Cinema" writes that Ryndina opened a studio for the preparation of film actors and immediately received a sufficient number of students who wanted to get acquainted with the secrets of the screen.

The poet Igor Northerner several poems dedicated to her: "Rocking grezerki" (1911), "Rondo" (1914).


According to JK Terapiano, Ryndina lifelong interest in mysticism and the occult, before emigrating to Russia, it has been associated with the esoteric Martinist Order and was personally acquainted with the famous occultist Papus.

Lydia D. Ryndina, despite their permanent employment as actress of theater, cinema and then, always found time to engage in spiritual matters and esotericism. She and her husband Sergei Krechetova poet (S. Sokolov), the owner of "Grief" of the publishing house, constantly going to the apartment of representatives of the Moscow literary environment, including Andrew White, Bryusov and others. In Moscow in 1913, she made friends with an Indian musician and mystic Inayat Khan, she writes about it in his memoirs.

Andrew White, who at that time was fond Martinism (as subsequently - anthroposophy) they are interested in Lydia Ryndin and Sergey Krechetova. In Moscow at that time continued to exist ancient center of Russian Martinism preserved even from the time of Nikolai Novikov and Lopuchin, famous figures of Russian education Catherine`s time.

VS Brachev in the book "The Freemasons in Russia - from Peter I to this day," said that an active member of the Lodge "St. John" in Moscow was an actress LD Ryndina - wife of prominent political Mason S. Sokolov. Martinists in Moscow gathered in private apartments in any of its members. Apartment Krechetova S. and L. Ryndina in Moscow Pimenovsky alley for years served as a meeting place.

His interest in spiritual matters, and she kept when he was in exile. She kept a lively interest in all the new books in the field and kept in touch with a number of occultists in France and Russian mystics, but scattered all over the world, was a correspondent of the magazine "Occultism and Yoga", published by Dr. Aseev.

Even before the revolution, during his visits to Paris, Lydia Ryndina met the famous Dr. Papus (Gerard Encausse), the then head of the French Martinism and author of many books on occult subjects. Dr. Papus in 1901 was presented to Russian Imperial Couple Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich, and then three times - in 1901, 1905 and 1906, at the invitation of Emperor Nicholas II, was in Russia, where he founded in St. Petersburg, his Martinist lodge, whose members one time consisted of Emperor Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Grand Duke Nicholas and his wife and other members of the imperial family. Dr. Papus very high opinion Ryndin Lydia and she had a lot of attention; He introduced her to a number of interesting people in the French esoteric environment and gave her a special dedication to the inner circle of the organization.

In 1919 he starred in the film have Khanzhonkov in Crimea (1918-1919), and from there went to Constantinople, and then to Vienna, where he starred in two films, and then, in 1922, in Berlin. Then she found herself a new role: to play in the artistic cabaret "Blue Bird". She played all sorts of beauties in a piece of music, called "Princess Nesmeyana", "Beat the Drum told King," "went to war three young soldier" and others.


During World War II, she fled from the burning Berlin, Karlovy Vary. After the war, she returned to Germany and traveled extensively with the company in the camps of prisoners of war. After the war, he moved to Paris, where it was played several plays, including "Ghosts" by Ibsen.

Lydia D. was not only an actress: she was both writer and journalist. Back in Moscow, she released her first book: translating stories Marcel Shnob. In Berlin, she came out of her book `favorite rock ", and then in Riga - Criminal comic novel" Live Mask. " Comic criminal novels then nobody has wrote ... She wrote a number of short stories - all of which were published in various periodicals. Over the past few years was the Paris correspondent of the newspaper "New Dawn" in San Francisco.

She was buried at the Russian cemetery of Sainte-Genevieve-des-Bois.