Lev Gutenmaher

Picture of Lev Gutenmaher

Citizenship: Russia


Leo Izrailevich Gutenmakher born in the Bessarabian colonies Tarutino (today the regional center of Tarutino district of Odessa region of Ukraine) in 1908. Don graduated from the Polytechnic Institute in 1931 and was left in graduate school there. In 1934 he defended his thesis, he continued to teach at the Institute (now the Novocherkassk Polytechnic Institute) until 1938.

Since 1938 - the Energy Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, where he founded and headed the laboratory of electrical analogy (LEM) in 1939. At the same time taught at the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (since 1943 - professor). From 1948 to 1956 Lab electrical analogy Gutenmakher entered the Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and on June 21, 1957 became a member of the All-Union Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, and since 1962 - in the All-Union Scientific-Research Institute of Natural Gases (now the All-Russian Oil and Gas Institute. academician AP Krylov). Laboratory were 8 departments, including logical-mathematical, analog electrical simulation, mathematical linguistics, mathematical methods in chemistry and others. In his later years he was a professor of the department of computational processes automation of electrotechnical faculty of the Odessa Polytechnic Institute and lived in Odessa, on the corner of Deribasovskaya and Richelieu streets.

Main scientific results - in the approximate numerical methods and computer technology. LI Gutenmakher from the start a scientific career in the 1930s engaged in the use of electrical networks for the modeling of complex information systems and for solving partial differential equations. During the Great Patriotic War, under his leadership have been developed PUAZO (automatic anti-aircraft fire control devices) to alternating current, and in 1945-1946 - the first electronic analog computers (AVM) with repetition solutions. In 1950, they project tubeless electronic computer was introduced (PC) using the contactless electromagnetic relay ferrite-diode elements, developed in his laboratory on the basis of magnetic amplifiers, transformer type; the machine itself LEM-1 was created by 1954. In 1956 he published a scientific report on the successful use of matrix storage to store information.

L.I.Gutenmaheru owns a number of theoretical works in the field of cybernetics and one of the first monographs in this field in the USSR (information retrieval system), in the 1950s he was involved in computer modeling of cognitive processes (such as logical thinking, reading) and mathematical linguistics. In the publications of these years they have been examined in detail various aspects of the storage and retrieval of information, software, computer hardware, communication over telephone lines, including electronic access to library collections. Among the monographs of the scientist: "Electrical Simulation: elektrointegrator" (1943), "Electric models and their application in engineering and physics" (1946), "Power Model" (1949), "Electronic Information and logical machines" (1960, 1962) "associative memories" (1967) and "Pulse electrical analogy" (1983), some of which have been translated into English, German, French and Spanish.

Son LI Gutenmakher - Victor L. Gutenmakher - known Russian mathematician, author of works in the field of functional analysis and textbooks for secondary schools.


* Electrical simulation: elektrointegrator. Publisher Academy of Sciences of the USSR: Moscow, Leningrad, 1943.

* Electric models and their application in engineering and physics. Transcript of the lecture. Truth: Moscow 1946.

* Electric model. Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering, Academy of Sciences USSR, Moscow, 1949.

* Electronic information-logical machines. Academy of Sciences of the USSR: Moscow, 1960 and 1962.

* Traitement & # 233; lectronique de l`information. A. Deweze, Traducteur. Soci & # 233; t & # 233; des Editions Radio: Paris, 1961.

* Electronic information-logic machines. Wiley Interscience: New York, 1963.

* Tratamiento electr & # 243; nico de la informaci & # 243; n. Editorial: Paraninfo: Madrid and Mexico City, in 1964.

* Thinking machines. Translated from the Russian by A. Zdornykh. Foreign Languages ??Publishing House: Moscow 1965.

* Informations-Logische Automaten. Automatisierung im Informations- und Bibliothekswesen. R. Oldenbourg Verlag: Munich and Vienna 1966.

* Associative Memory (with DA Borodaeva, BP Kuzmin and Smelyansky IL). Energy: Leningrad 1967.

* Electric model. Technique: Kyiv, 1975.

* Pulsed electric analog (with GP Perepelitsa). Technique: Kiev 1983.