Date of Birth: 01/10/1912
Place of birth: Tsarskoye Selo
Lev Gumilyov: Russian History
True lexicographer, Lev Gumilyov worked on the edge of different disciplines: history, geography, oriental, philosophy, psychology. The followers celebrated his intuition and the craving for the integration of sciences - an innovative approach to research. Many opponents of the USSR and the West have rejected the theory of ethnogenesis Gumilev developed. He put forward the idea of ??bioenergy dominant ethnogenesis and "new parameter ethnic history", who called passionarity. This term means "the engine" of historical progress, which forms in the ethnos group of people with "higher thrust-to-action - with drive." The main work of ENU - "Ethnogenesis and biosphere of the Earth" - was not published for a long time, but has become legendary in the world of science.
Gumilev himself believed that the idea of ??the subconscious human biological ability to overvoltage pushed his "works great compatriot Academician Vernadsky" discovered "biochemical energy of living matter of the biosphere." Its media rushed into the ocean after Columbus and conquered expanses of Siberia; by Gumilyov to passionaries belonged Suvorov and Napoleon, and their antipodes - "Man in a Case" and other Chekhov characters. The desire to seek an abstract ideal, to achieve a distant goal, even if the victim of many lives, formed the whole nations and changed the course of history. The breadth of outlook of the scientist allowed to relate the theory with the concept of "feeding the landscape", prompting the reader to comprehend not only the "things of bygone days", but also the future. Fascinating book Gumilyov "Geography of ethnicity in the historical period," "Prairie Trilogy", "Rhythms of Eurasia", "From Russia to Russia" reveal the secrets of historic and modern reunions confrontations (eg, Shiites and Sunnis), roots - in the distant past.
The "Century-wolfhound" Leningrad rebellious intellectual, son of the poet who was shot and supporter of "Eurasianism" could hardly avoid reprisals. "Planted" a student of History Faculty of Leningrad State University, present their universities Gumilyov was held in Stalin`s camps, where it was easy to find the color of Russian science. Akhmatova was in prison queues that will describe in the poem "Requiem" and her son in "Crosses" and logging "composed" the first book and thesis. In captivity, the scientist spent 14 years, 30-50 years of the four had been arrested, between the two terms of the camp been laid and war front.
The vicissitudes of fate did not let this extraordinary man, and after his release, when he brilliantly defended his second doctoral thesis, already on geography, followed by a shout of "top", and a degree is not approved. Work all Gumilyov life - "Ethnogenesis and biosphere of the Earth" - sold on the "black market", the author also could not lecture, but considered himself a happy man, "I always wrote what he thought, and they - what they were told to" . Opal took off only in the mid-80s, and by the early `90s the country avidly read daring scientist and waiting the publication of new books.
Attacks on the Lev Gumilyov continue, and from many different camps - from the orthodox Marxists to liberals. Works on the history of the Turks, the Mongols, the Slavic and other peoples of Eurasia "smash" for geographical determinism and "excessive generalizations", the author accused of vulgarisation of history, irreverent attitude to the cult figures like Peter the Great. So, living in the West, the historian Alexander Yanov saw in them "imperial isolationism and degenerated Slavophilism" and worried that "the doctrine of ENU can become a foundation for Russia`s" brown "ideology." The debate only confirms the urgency of the issues raised "great Eurasian".