Leonid Vereshagin

Picture of Leonid Vereshagin

Date of Birth: 04/16/1909

Age: 67

Place of birth: Kherson

Citizenship: Russia


Born in a family of employees. He graduated from the Technical High School (1924) and then a two-year chemical vocational school (as a chemist-analyst). In 1926 he entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of the Odessa Institute of National Education. In 1932 he graduated from the graduate school at the Ukrainian Physico-Technical Institute (UPTI) in Kharkov, where the work was "Determination of mercury bromide of structure." Then he worked in the research bureau of the Kharkov turbine-generator plant; Here he organized the X-ray and laboratory works on the study of non-magnetic iron and cuprous alloys Fe-Ni-Al. The work on magnetism was then continued in the laboratory of low temperatures UPTI, where he was invited in 1934.

In 1940 he defended his thesis "Study of the solubility of copper in aluminum at a pressure of 5000 bar.". Since 1939 he headed the Laboratory of ultrahigh-pressure (SVD), created on the initiative of Academician ND Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry in the (IOC). During the Second World War served as the job Sciences of the USSR People`s Commissariat for Armaments.

In 1949 he received a doctorate without defending a thesis. In 1953, it approved by a professor at the newly created Department of Chemistry Department of Moscow State University physics and chemistry of high pressures, the head of which was appointed in 1954. In the same year in the IOC laboratory SVD was transformed into the Laboratory of Physics of SVD to the Office of Technical Sciences of the USSR; the last in 1958 at the initiative of L.F.Vereschagina was reorganized into the Institute of High Pressure Physics, USSR Academy of Sciences (Troitsk, Moscow region), which he headed. In 1973 he founded the department of physics of high pressures in the MIPT. Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1960), academician (1966).

He has made a great contribution to the creation and improvement of high pressure equipment for scientific research and technological works at high and ultrahigh (megabar) pressures. He led the development of scientific bases of creation and industrial production of synthetic superhard materials - diamond and cubic boron nitride. At the beginning of the 1970s. one of the world`s first proposed the concept of "plating" of matter at very high pressures. This concept has been experimentally confirmed only after 10-15 years.

Author of over 200 scientific articles and more than 200 patents.

The Moscow State University gave a course of lectures "High Pressure Physics and Technology