Leonid Ilyin

Picture of Leonid Ilyin

Date of Birth: 03/15/1928

Age: 88

Place of birth: Kharkov (Ukraine)

Citizenship: Russia


LA Ilyin - laureate of Lenin (1985) and the State Prize of the USSR (1977), laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology (2000) and the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation (2001). For services to the country and outstanding achievements in the development of science on the effects of radiation on the human LA Ilyin in 1988 awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor.

Born March 15, 1928 in Kharkov (Ukraine). Father - Andrei V. Ilyin (1893-1968). Mother - Ilina Valentina (1903-1944). Wife - Ilina Zhanna Fedorovna (1929-2002). Daughter - Ilina Svetlana L. (1956. born.).

At the end of the 1st Leningrad Medical Institute with honors in 1953, Leonid Ilyin served in the Navy. He was chief of the medical service of the warship, and then created the first on the Black Sea Fleet radiological laboratory. After demobilization he worked in Leningrad, a senior fellow at the medical-biological department of the Research Institute of the Navy of the USSR. In 1961 he was elected head of the laboratory at the competition Radiation Protection of the Leningrad Research Institute of Radiation Hygiene Health Ministry in 1962, he was appointed deputy director for scientific work of the Institute.

Since 1968 to the present time Leonid - Director and Scientific Director of the State Scientific Center - Institute of Biophysics, which for its achievements in the development of medical science, health care and training, in 1977 he was awarded the Order of Lenin.

Basic research LA Ilina devoted to the most important areas of radiation medicine: the search for and creation of medicines and protect the body from the effects of gamma-neutron radiation, the incorporation of radionuclides in the body and contact the radioactive contamination of the skin, wounds and burns; development of health and hygiene issues of protection professionals and the public in the creation and development of new nuclear technologies in the event of radiation accidents; regulating acceptable levels of human exposure; radiobiology of low-intensity radiation and prediction of stochastic effects of radiation exposure of people.

Thanks to the work of Leonid Andreyevich, his students and colleagues developed, tested and implemented in the domestic practice of high-performance products for the prevention and treatment of acute radiation injury. For example, the radioprotectant indralin as a means of prevention of gamma-neutron irradiation received by the nuclear industry and energy, nuclear fleet, and other relevant organizations. Dezoksinat The drug is recommended as one of the most effective treatments for acute radiation injury. As a result of research LA Ilyin to deal with the incorporation of various radionuclides in the body are designed and manufactured drugs algisorb, ferrocin, preparations of stable iodine and complexing group. Known drug practices "protection" is one of the most effective ways to decontaminate the skin of the fission products of uranium and plutonium, and others. The name LA Ilina associated with the development and practical application of atomic energy industry and special portable kits for professionals and first-aid kits to the public with the relevant anti-radiation drugs for use in the event of radiation accidents. According to Leonid ideas and with his direct participation developed biomedical tools and special systems to protect personnel from one of the types of nuclear weapons, for that he in 1985 awarded the Lenin Prize. He took part, including as a research leader in the testing of drugs developed in the field conditions. Veteran units of special risk.

Under the guidance and direct participation of LA Ilyin developed domestic regulations accidental exposure of people and the world`s first (1971) - guidelines for the protection of the population in the event of an accident at a nuclear reactor. These developments and their subsequent modification (1983) have become fundamental in justification of measures to protect people during and after the accident.

From the earliest days, and during the most difficult period of the catastrophe has worked in the lesion, he was one of the scientific leaders of Biomedical and hygienic work to mitigate the consequences of the accident and took major decisions on strategy and tactics to protect people.

LA Ilyin, the world`s first scientist who has developed a reasonable forecast of the radiological consequences of the disaster, subsequently confirmed by the leading foreign and domestic experts.

The theoretical work of Leonid devoted to one of the most urgent problems of radiation medicine and health - evaluation of the real risks of human exposure and on this basis to regulate the levels of low-intensity chronic exposure. He developed the concept of "practical threshold" in radiation epidemiology and hygienic rationing.

Author and co-author of 15 monographs, textbooks, manuals and more than 300 scientific publications. Among them are such fundamental monographs as "Fundamentals of protection of the body from the effects of radioactive substances" (1977), "Radioactive iodine in the problem of radiation safety" (1972; translated into English, 1975), "The major radiation accidents: consequences and protective measures` ( 2001; translated into Japanese, 2003; English 2004). Monograph LA Ilina "Nuclear war: medical and biological consequences" (1982, 1984), co-written with EI Chazov and AK Guskova, published in two editions and was translated into five languages. This book played an important role in world politics to prevent a nuclear disaster as one of the first scientific studies and impact assessments rasch