Konstantin Kavelin

Picture of Konstantin Kavelin

Date of Birth: 11/16/1818

Age: 66

Place of birth: St. Petersburg

Citizenship: Russia


Kavelin, Konstantin Dmitrievich - the famous writer, lawyer, psychologist, anthropologist and social worker, was born November 4, 1818, died May 3, 1885 Initial education received at home. In 1834, to prepare for admission to the University of Moscow have been invited to the teacher: KA Kossovich, Mertral and VG BelinskiyBelinsky managed to arouse in the young man`s head a number of mental and moral issues and taught him to be critical of the surrounding reality, reinforcing it the natural curiosity of the mind. In 1835 Cavelin entered the first compartment of the Faculty of Philosophy, but in November of the same year moved to the Faculty of Law. At this time began to read Redkin lectures Krylov, Kryukov, Chivilev and others. They have something and had to learn Kavelin and his peers, formed the seed of the noble band of thinkers and public figures, known as the "people of the forties." From comrades Cavelin close friends with the brothers Elagina, Valuev and PV Kireevsky and got through them, access Elaginsky literary salon. In 1839 Cavelin graduated from the course, receiving a gold medal for the essay: "The Roman possession." It was his first work, which appeared in print in 1841. In 1841 he passed the exam for a Master of Civil Law. In St. Petersburg Cavelin newly made friends with Belinsky and became friendly with a circle of young people - Tiutchev, Kulchitskaya, Panayev, Turgenev, Botkin on thesis for the degree of Master of Civil Law, "Basic Principles of Russian judicial system and civil proceedings in the period from the stacked to the institutions of the provinces "Kavelin was appointed in 1844, fulfilling the position of associate in the department of history of Russian law at Moscow University. A year later he was charged with, in addition, lectures on Russian state and provincial institutions and laws of the states. His inspired, bright and elegant lecture made an irresistible impression on the audience. For the first time Russian students heard an image of ancient tribal system, the emergence of this ancient soil of legal institutions and their gradual degeneration. Cavelin first built and periodization of Russian history is not on the external events, but by changes in the internal structure of life: generic replaced patrimonial life, and the latter gave way to a state in which a person develops malo-pomalu its content. His course was the first experience of neatly constructed philosophy of Russian history and that his experience he concisely stated in the article: "A look at the legal life of ancient Rus" ( "Contemporary", 1847). But in the spring of 1848 Kavelin had to leave the University of Moscow, due to a sharp clash with Professor Krylov. He moved to St. Petersburg. First he went to the Ministry of Internal Affairs editor of "city branch" in the economic department, but soon (1850) moved to the head of the educational department of the headquarters of the military schools, and in 1853 - the chief of department of the office of the Committee of Ministers, while remaining a member of the academic committee of the military -uchebnyh institutions. Soon came the era of great reforms. In the last Kavelin not have to take a formal engagement, but its beneficial effect on the fate of some of them, especially the peasant reform, there is no doubt. Most Kavelina helped rapprochement with the people committed to the liberation of the peasants, made them in March 1855, and who looked on her hands, in a manuscript note on the peasant question. It held opinion about the liberation of the peasants from the land and put them on redemption in the property - look at the time it was considered radical and are separated by only a few. With this note Cavelin friends with Samarin, NA and Dm. Milutin and gained access to the court of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna. Outstanding talent, a great personal charm, sincere and convinced it here subordinated interlocutors Kavelina influence, and from among them, several had to stand very close to the cause of reform. On Kavelina, among other things, has been entrusted with development of the situation for farmers in the Grand Duchess`s estate Karlovo Poltava province

. In the period 1848 - 1857 years he published in the journal "Contemporary" and "Notes of the Fatherland," a series of critical articles on the history, ethnography and jurisprudence. These articles Kavelina accounted for nearly three volumes in his collected works. In 1857 Kavelin was invited to the department of civil law at St. Petersburg University and also received instructions to teach jurisprudence heir to the throne, Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich. The latter, however, did not last long. When in 1858 periodicals were allowed to touch the peasant question, in the "Contemporary" (