Konstantin Gamsahurdia

Picture of Konstantin Gamsahurdia

Date of Birth: 06/24/1961

Age: 55

Place of birth: Tbilisi

Citizenship: Georgia


Konstantin Gamsakhurdia Zviadovich born June 24, 1961 in Tbilisi - the capital of the Georgian SSR. The eldest son of dissident and first president of Georgia (1991-1992) Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the grandson of the famous Georgian writer Konstantin Simonovic Gamsakhurdia. He graduated from the Oriental Faculty of Tbilisi State University and graduate of the Tbilisi Institute of Oriental Studies.

In 1992, a military coup Zviad Gamsakhurdia was overthrown and forced along with the families to leave Georgia. In December 1993, Zviad Gamsakhurdia died. According to one version, he committed suicide, on the other - was killed by supporters of the new Georgian leader Eduard Shevardnadze.

Since 1992, Gamsakhurdia lived in Switzerland. He was engaged in literary and translation work.

In 2003, after the fall "Rose Revolution" and the ouster of Shevardnadze, Gamsakhurdia returned to Georgia. In 2004, he founded and headed the movement "Freedom" ( "Tavisupleba"), which has positioned itself as liberal and pro-Western. In March 2004, the movement took part in the parliamentary elections, gaining 5 percent of the vote and did not overcome the 7-percent electoral threshold. Gamsakhurdia and his supporters accused the new president Mikhail Saakashvili of rigging the elections. Subsequently, Gamsakhurdia returned several times to Switzerland and came back to Georgia. In 2004-2005, he stated that he is in constructive opposition to the authorities.

In the summer of 2005 in the "Freedom" Gamsakhurdia, by then transformed into the party consisted of about 15 thousand people. Media noted that, according to opinion polls, in December 2005, the party rating was 4.3 percent of the vote, and the rating of Gamsakhurdia, if he wanted to fight for the post of leader of the country - 2.8 percent.

In February 2007, Gamsakhurdia demanded that the Prosecutor General`s Office of Georgia to open a criminal investigation into his father`s death in December 1993. He said that Tbilisi alleged killers are the first Georgian president, demanded in connection with this question Shevardnadze and a number of people around him. This statement Gamsakhurdia did after his stepmother, the widow of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, Manana Gamsakhurdia Archvadze-announced intention to find family was found in the burial of the first President of the Chechen Republic of Georgia.

March 10, 2007 Gamsakhurdia met in London with one of the Chechen separatist leader Akhmed Zakayev, a permanent resident of UK and Russian authorities accused of terrorism. After meeting Gamsakhurdia told journalists about Zakayev desire to come to Tbilisi to the ceremony of reburial of the remains of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, discovered a few days earlier in Grozny. But in the end could not come Zakayev held on April 1, 2007 funeral.

In June 2007, Gamsakhurdia said that, perhaps, will run for president of Georgia. However, he did not specify whether or not to participate in the next election, or intends to run for the post of head of the country later.

November 2, 2007 in front of the Georgian parliament passed a mass protest organized by a number of opposition parties, including the party "Freedom" Gamsakhurdia. The participants demanded Saakashvili`s resignation, early parliamentary elections and the release of political prisoners. Opposition Speeches continued in the following days. November 4, Saakashvili in a televised address to the nation called the events "mediocre imitation of the" Rose Revolution ". This statement caused indignation of the opposition leaders. So, Gamsakhurdia called the president" a politician grown Shevardnadze "and compared Saakashvili with Leonid Brezhnev, adding," that even Brezhnev do not I lied ".

November 7, 2007 another opposition rally was dispersed by the police and special forces units. Against the demonstrators with tear gas and water cannons. At the same time, Saakashvili accused Russian secret services of organizing riots. On the same day the media reported that, according to some information, Gamsakhurdia was arrested. Information was disseminated on the next day that Gamsakhurdia of Georgia and Labor Party leader Shalva Natelashvili left the country. Then brother George Gamsakhurdia on his father, who worked an employee of one of the Georgian security forces, accused him and another of his brother - Tsotne, who also participated in the opposition movement, of treason and collaboration with Russian intelligence.

November 9, 2007 Gamsakhurdia denied rumors about his arrest or leaving, she told reporters that all the time the house was on treatment, because during the dispersal of the rally heavily poisoned by tear gas.

November 12, 2007 the National Council of the united opposition, which includes the party "Freedom" Gamsakhurdia, the MP chose Levan Gachechiladze as a single opposition candidate in the early presidential elections in Georgia, appointed by Saakashvili on January 5, 2008. In case of victory Gachechiladze, the opposition promised to abolish the post of president and transfer all power to the Prime Minister, controlled by the Parliament of Georgia. On the nomination of their candidates for the presidential elections separately from the united opposition announced a businessman Badri Patarkatsishvili and Labour Party leader Shalva Natelashvili.

Gamsakhurdia is married, he has two sons.