Date of Birth: 01/31/1715
Place of Birth: Paris
Claude Adrien Helvetius was born January 31, 1715, a French philosopher, a brilliant representative of the Enlightenment.
Helvetius was born in Paris in the family court physician. Influenced by his father, who wanted his son to become an officer of the tax department, Helvetius chosen for himself a career financier. However, despite the fact that his father bought for him the post of general tax farmer (tax collector), brings more revenue, Helvetius soon disappointed in this work and some time later abandoned it.
Leaving his career, he devoted himself entirely to the philosophical and literary work. Visiting for a few years, the Parisian salons, Helvetia had the idea of ??opening their own salon, where educated and intelligent people could communicate with each other. It was in the cabin Helvetia liked to rotate people, formed the society later known encyclopedists.
The first published work of Helvetia was his work "On the mind", work on which lasted for more than 20 years. This book for their scandalous ideas bombshell in respectable circles of Paris, and she was sentenced to be burned. The author himself had twice to give it up. The condemnation of the book "On the mind" has also affected on the decision to ban the "Encyclopedia", one of the most active members of which were Gelvetsiy.Po views Helvetia, matter is the only word for the properties. In his theory of the world understood as objectively existing, infinite and is in constant motion. On the question of human knowledge Helvetius inclined to believe that knowledge is sensory-empirical basis.
It is because of sensuality, he deduced the mind and consciousness believed higher stage of knowledge of nature, emphasizing the link with the formation of the consciousness of labor human activities. Like other educators Helvetius was obsessed with the belief in the infinite possibilities of the human mind and cognition.
Human error Helvetius divided into two categories: natural, which are expressed in ignorance, and acquired, which arise by virtue of following false ideas. Helvetius tried to create a "science of morality". According to him, the two feelings of love to pleasure and aversion to suffering, there is a third sense of self-love.
It is self-love, he thought the primary impulse of all human action. Love of self, in turn, gives rise to the passion, the pursuit of happiness and interests.
Activity Helvetia has played a significant role in the ideological preparation of the French bourgeois revolution of the late 18th c., In the ideological preparation of utopian socialism beginning of the 19th century. and the development of philosophical thought.