Date of Birth: 06/14/1675
An astonishing adventurer XVIII century
Claude-Alexander was born June 14, 1675 in Coussac (Limousin) in a noble, sister home Bourbon family. He was educated in the Jesuit College. At age 13 he entered the naval service, as even the Jesuits could not subdue his obstinate temper. However, Claude-Alexandre Count de Bonneval was almost expelled from the service of the Marquis de Senele, Minister of Marine, who, once spending review midshipmen, rebuked him as a boy.
"People do not exclude my name, Mr. Minister", - proudly replied the young man.
The Minister immediately knew whom he was dealing.
"Yes, sir, they are deleted when they are simple midshipmen, - he answered, - but only in order to produce them in the warrant."
Battle of Dieppe, la Gogskoe and Kadikskoe proved that neither Count Bonneval, nor Minister de Senele not mistaken. Bonneval showed courage and resourcefulness in these battles.
Duel Count Bonneval forced to leave the naval service, in 1698 he bought a position in the regiment of the guard. In 1701 he received the regiment. He took part in the Italian campaign under the command of Katina and fought with distinction in the Netherlands, in the army of Marshal Luxembourg. Despite his heroism, he was different for the extortion did not give increase.
In 1704 he paid about this insult to the Minister of War Chamillart, for which he was prosecuted. Bonneval begged resign from the Duke de Vendome, and the entire winter 1705-1706 years traveled to Italy. Claude-Alexander made friends with the Marquis de Langalleri that the French entered the service of the Austrians. Bonneval hesitated before following suit, finally, when Prince Eugene, noticed him in the French ranks, during the battle of Lyutstsare, I made him an offer, Claude-Alexander agreed with the rank of major-general entered the Austrian army. Since that time, Bonneval, distinguished by remarkable courage was on foreign service and fiercely fought in Italy and Flanders, against their homeland.
In Turin, he distinguished himself during the French lines of attack, thus managed to save the life of his brother, the Marquis of Bonneval, which accidentally found among the opponents, and before that he did not even know that the fight against it. Bonneval found everywhere at the first capture of the city of Alexandria, one of the first to attack the castle to the Tortonian in the Papal States, where he lost an arm, in Savoie, in the Dauphine. In Flanders, in 1714 Claude-Alexander was present when we meet with Marshal Prince Eugene Villar.
Received the rank of Field Marshal-Lieutenant, he participated in the Turkish campaign, caused a stir when taking Teneshvara and at the battle of Petervardeyne in 1716, where he was severely wounded - got to the bottom of the stomach with a spear blow that made his life wearing a blindfold. After the war he settled in Vienna, but his thoughtless and inconsiderate intervention in the domestic affairs of Prince Eugene of displeasure of the latter and was sent to the Netherlands in the post feldtseyhmeystera. In Brussels, after a quarrel with the governor, the Marquis de prize, tied a secret relationship with the ambassadors of France and Spain, as a result he was arrested and imprisoned in the castle for one year, followed by the expulsion from Austria.
I went to Constantinople, where Islam took the name Ahmed-paschi, received the rank of trehbunchuzhnogo Pasha converted the Turkish artillery and participated with distinction in the army against Russia and Persia. As a reward for his exploits, he was appointed governor of Chios, but his own indiscretion and intrigues of the court soon incurred the wrath of the Sultan, and he was sent into honorable exile in a small pashalik the Black Sea.
This is how the meeting with another famous adventurer, Bonneval - Casanova. "A day later, on arrival I was told to take me to Osman Bache Karamanskomu That was the name of the Comte de Bonneval after his apostasy.
I handed him my letter of recommendation, and I was carried into a room on the ground floor, furnished in the French taste; I saw a fat gentleman in years, dressed from head to toe in the French manner. Rising, he laughingly asked what could be useful in Constantinople for a person recommended by the Cardinal of the Church, which he no longer has the right to call his mother. <..>
In a letter to Cardinal I said I was pisatel` Basha got up, saying that he wanted to show me his library. I followed him. Through the garden we went into a room with barred wardrobes - for wire mesh curtains were visible behind them, they must be placed the book.
But I laughed with thick bashoyu when he opened the locked cabinets in the key, and my eyes appeared not books, but bottle full of wine many varieties!
- Here, - he said - and my library, and seraglio, because I am already old, and women just to cut my eyelids, while good wine prolong it either, in any case, it will brighten up.
- I think, Your Excellency, the Mufti received permission?
- You are wrong. Turkish Dad is not endowed with the same power, that your not in its power to resolve the Koran prohibited; Well but it is not a hindrance, and anyone is free to destroy his soul, if he likes. Devout Turks regret about the libertines, but do not pursue them here no Inquisition. Anyone who violates the commandments of faith, will they believe, rather to suffer in another life, to impose on him the punishment in this world. I asked for - and received without the slightest difficulty - permission not to be what you call circumcision, although the actual cut-off can not be called. At my age, it would be dangerous. Usually they observe this rite, but is he not one of the commandments
I spent his two o`clock; He asked about many Venetians, his friends, and especially of Mr. Marco Antonio Diedhiou; I replied, that all still love him and only regret about his apostasy; He said that the Turk was the same as it was a Christian before, and the Koran does not know better than hitherto Gospel.
- Without a doubt - he said, - I will die with the deceased soul, and I will at this moment a lot happier than Prince Eugene. I ought to have been to say that God is God, and Mohammed is his prophet there. I said it, and I thought so or not - it is the Turks did not care. The truth is, I wear a turban, because forced to wear the uniform of my lord.
He said that, with no other craft, except for the military, he decided to enlist padishah to the rank of lieutenant general, only when he realized that he was entirely without means of subsistence. To my departure from Venice, he said, the soup had already managed to eat my bowl; Used when the Jewish people decided to put me at the head of fifty thousand troops, I would have laid siege to Jerusalem.
He was handsome, unless too much in the body Due saber blow carried under the belly silver plate, in order to maintain Keel. He was exiled to Asia, but not for long, because, according to him, intrigues in Turkey is not as prolonged as in Europe, especially at the Viennese court ... "
In his old age, Claude-Alexandre Count de Bonneval felt a passionate desire to return to Europe, but he died in Istanbul March 22, 1747, seventy-two years old and was buried in the cemetery of Pere, where today you can find his grave by following the Turkish inscription " God is eternal: the pre-glorious and great God give rest together with a truly faithful deceased Ahmed Pasha, the chief scorers 1160 Aegir ".. (1160 Aegir corresponds to 1747 of the Christian era.)