Date of Birth: 11/23/1896
Place of birth: Vyskov
Citizenship: Czech Republic
During the First World War Gottwald served in the artillery units of the Austro-Hungarian army, he was wounded; later he served in Italy and Bessarabia; at the end of the war had deserted, surrendered Russian. In 1918, after the formation of Czechoslovakia, - leader of the left wing of the Social Democratic Party. In 1921 a group of Gottwald became the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Gottwald himself became the editor of the party newspaper `Slovak Voice naroda`, then - the newspaper` Pravda`. Since 1925 - a member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the Central Committee, since 1927 - General Secretary of the Central Committee; 1929 - Member of Parliament of Czechoslovakia. He took an active part in the activities of the Comintern.
In 1938, after the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia by the Nazis, he emigrated to SSSRi stayed there during the Second World War, the establishment of radio communication with the underground groups in Czechoslovakia. When in 1943 the head of the Czechoslovak government in exile E.Benesh arrived in Moscow, he repeatedly met and talked with Gottwald. Gottwald was a part formed in the Kosice National Front government, becoming deputy prime minister. In 1946 he was elected chairman of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and the elections in June 1946 led coalition cabinet. When in 1948 the office was disbanded, and Benes resigned, Gottwald formed a new government. June 14, 1948 he was elected president of the Czechoslovak Republic. Gottwald died in Prague March 14, 1953.