Celebiography.net

Karl Vaytzekker

Picture of Karl Vaytzekker

Date of Birth: 06/28/1912

Age: 94

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker (German Carl Friedrich von Weizs & # 228; cker;. June 28, 1912 - April 28, 2007) - German physicist, philosopher and politician. Weizsacker Carl Friedrich von born June 28, 1912 in Kiel. He comes from a Swabian family, which gave many famous theologians, scientists and the military. Already in the early years Weizsacker showed interest in astronomy and physics. In 1929-33 he studied physics in Berlin, Gottingen, Copenhagen (at the Niels Bohr) and Leipzig (from Heisenberg). In 1942-44 he was a professor of theoretical physics at Strasbourg. During the 2nd World War, together with Heisenberg and other German scientists worked to develop nuclear weapons for Germany (the project "Uranus"). In 1946-57 Weizsacker headed the department at the Institute of Physics. Max Planck (Gottingen). In 1956 Weizsacker, concern about nuclear weapons, together with other German nuclear scientists came up with t. N. "Gottingen statement" refusal to participate in the production, testing or use of nuclear weapons. Since then, the issue of political responsibility of the scientist for the social consequences of their discoveries is becoming one of the main themes of his reflections. In 1957-69 - Professor of Philosophy in Hamburg, since 1970 - Director of the Institute. Max Planck in Strasbourg.

According to Weizsacker, the philosophy is to create a private foundation of a priori sciences, as well as engaged in checking the validity of the underlying principles. The main task of philosophy, achieving a new understanding of the unity of nature, it is possible, based on the synthesis of philosophy and the specialized sciences. It was here found the philosophical significance of fundamental physics (under which Weizsacker understands quantum physics). Only its axioms can be used as a basis of knowledge, since only they describe the conditions of the possibility of experience, and represent the world as a whole. Weizsacker attracts attention Plato`s "Parmenides" dialogue that allows us to understand the conditions of possibility of the most rational and the scope of its applicability. According to Weizsacker, the temporary structure is a condition of all experience. In this case the past is interpreted in terms of real-factuality, and the future in terms of opportunities. Statements about future events can only be made in the form of probabilistic reasoning. Experience of quantum physics shows that judgments about the future in the form of a strict (ideal of classical physics) is not possible. This fundamental difference between the past and the future expresses the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Weizsacker does not lead out of the law of the traditional investigation of the growth of entropy: if you abandon a causal interpretation of the future, then this consequence is no longer necessary. On the basis of the 2nd law should be concluded soon, the growth of the wealth of forms (as potential information). Such a view must conform not a classic Aristotelian logic, and "quantum", endowing value statements are not "true" / "false" and "necessary", "possible" or "impossible". Weizsacker - the author of a large number of articles devoted to the problems of the modern world and culture. One of the causes of the current crisis, he sees in the features of the "big" cultures in which relations are not based on personal knowledge, and on the processes of abstraction and quantification of reciprocal rights and obligations in the form of power and money.

Major works

Zum Weltbild der Physik, 1943; Die Geschichte der Natur, 1948

Die Verantwortung der Wissenschaft im Atomenzeitalter, 1957;

Die Einheit der Natur, 1971 Wege in der Gefahr, 1977;

Wahrnehmung der Neuzeit, 1983;

Aufbau der Physik, 198S;

Physics and Philosophy .- "VF", 1993,