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Karl Gauss

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Date of Birth: 04/30/1777

Age: 77

Place of birth: Braunschweig

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Carl Friedrich Gauss (Gauss) was born April 30, 1777 in Braunschweig. Died - February 23, 1855 in Gottingen.

German mathematician, foreign corresponding member (1802) and a foreign honorary member (1824) of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

Born in the family of a plumber. Already in childhood showed pronounced mathematical ability.

In 1795-98 he studied at Gottingen University are.

Since 1807 - professor of mathematics and astronomy at Gottingen University Press and at the same time the director of the observatory. By the end of his studies in the University are produced fundamental work on the theory of numbers and higher algebra "Arithmetic research" (published in 1801).

Since childhood showed talent for mathematics. At the age of 10, I solved the problem of summation of numbers from 1 to 100, what drew the attention of the teacher and he began to engage with them individually. March 30, 1796 solved the problem of constructing a regular 17-sided polygon, which was a turning point in Gauss`s life, he decides to devote himself not philology, and mathematics exclusively.

World famous Gauss acquired after the development of the method of calculating the elliptical orbit of the planet in three observations. Applying this method to the minor planet Ceres has made it possible again to find it in the sky after it was lost shortly after its opening in 1801. In Dzh.Piatstsi fundamental work "The Theory of the motion of celestial bodies" (1809), Gauss presented methods of calculating planetary orbits, with minor enhancements and are used nowadays.

Foreign Honorary Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1824). His name appears on a map of the Moon.

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