Karl Filer

Picture of Karl Filer

Date of Birth: 08/31/1895

Age: 74

Place of birth: Braunschweig

Citizenship: Germany


Carl Filer was the son of a Baptist preacher, and in 1902 and moved with his parents in Munich. There he attended school and studied the real trading business, then from 1914 he worked as a sales agent in Schleswig-Holstein.

Since May 1915 went to a soldier in the First World War. He served in the auxiliary troops in Schleswig-Holstein, Lieutenant reserve (May 1917). In 1918, he received a leg injury. For military distinctions awarded the Iron Cross 2nd class.

In March 1919, Filer entered the administrative service in the city of Munich as a management assistant at the center for the distribution of ration cards. In February 1922, after passing the exam testing for the officials of the state and municipal service average, he became an employee. Serve them before the application for admission to the civil service (in particular, in July 1921) is constantly rejected. One of the first members of the Nazi Party (membership card number was 37). November 6, 1923 became a member of were part of the ( "Sto & # 223; trupps Hitler" it.) SA "Shlosstruppen Adolf Hitler", from which subsequently formed the SS division. He took an active part in the Beer Hall Putsch of 8-9 November 1923. April 28, 1924 for treason Munich court sentenced him to 15 months in prison and a fine of 30 gold marks. Time served in the same prison fortress town of Landsberg am Lech, and that Adolf Hitler.

On December 8, 1924 on March 20, 1933 was a member of the municipality, and an honorary advisor to the city of Munich.

In 1929, the Filer outlined the principles of the Nazi local politics in his pamphlet "National Socialist Municipal Policy" (it. "Nationalsozialistische Gemeindepolitik"), published in Munich in the central publishing house of the NSDAP "Franz Eher-Verlag". In 1930 Filer published several papers on the problems of local politics in Germany with Nazi positions. From 1927 to 1930, he served as head of the local party organization of the NSDAP in Munich (orstgruppenleyter NSDAP). In 1930 - 1945 years Filer was the head of the Main Directorate of Municipal Policy of the NSDAP (German Hauptamt f & # 252; r Kommunalpolitik.). This department is engaged in education of members of the Union created by the Nazi German community in the National Socialist spirit, the development of community self-government, consulting and service of the Nazis on the municipal and political issues.

Shortly after the Nazis came to power 20 March 1933 Filer was appointed the first mayor of Munich, and May 20, 1933 - Lord Mayor of Munich, although at that time there was no such post at Munich. In 1933, the "German Association of Cities" (German: "Deutscher St & # 228; dtetag".), The Nazis forced to unite with other municipal organizations to form the "German Association of Local Authorities" (German: "Deutscher Gemeindetag".). In May 1933 Carl Filer was appointed chairman of the German Council of the united organization. August 2, 1935 on the orders of Adolf Hitler`s Munich has a new loud epithet of "Capital of the Movement" (it "Hauptstadt der Bewegung".). This "title" should remind the Germans that the Munich - the cradle of the Nazi movement.

In 1935, Carl Filer as the Head of the Department of local politics (it "Leiter des Hauptamtes f & # 252; r Kommunalpolitik".) Was elevated to the rank of Reichsleiter (it "Reichsleiter".) And remained so until the end of the war. Even earlier, July 31, 1933, Filer joined the SS (membership card number 91724) and a honorary member of the organization has become a very fast rise in the ranks of the SS. Finally, January 30, 1942, he was elevated to the SS Obergruppenfuhrer and immediately enlisted in the "Headquarters of Reichsfuhrer SS" Heinrich Himmler. In addition, from 1933 to 1945, Carl Filer was a deputy of the Nazi Reichstag Magdeburg.

At the end of the war, shortly before the entry of US troops in Munich (30 April, 1945), Filer fled the city. Later, he was arrested in January 1949, sentenced to 2 years in labor camps and confiscation of one-fifth of the property. Carl Filer died December 8, 1969 in the village near the lake Ammersee Die?en at the foot of the Bavarian Alps.