Date of Birth: 08/20/1878
Place of birth: Schweidnitz
Educated from 1897 to 1902 at the universities of Berlin, Freiburg, Wurzburg, Munich (PhD), at this time began to study the problem of abnormal development of personality; has worked since 1922 as an assistant professor at Berlin University, in 1927 he - an extraordinary professor of criminal psychology and psychopathology in Berlin, the head physician of the city psychiatric clinic in Herzberg, from 1930 to 1933, he - the director of the Psychiatric clinics in Berlin-Buch, with the arrival of the Nazis to power, he was discharged and was forced to emigrate to the United States. In his work "The structure of psychosis" ( "Der Aufbau der Psychose", "Allg. Zeitsch. F. Psychiat.", B., 1919, 75, S. 455-502) made an attempt to solve the problem of building architectonic personality by putting in place of the traditional clinical-descriptive method adopted in psychiatry, a structural analysis, combining preddispozitsionnye and triggers the pathogenesis of psychosis. I Wrote "History of psychiatric science" ( "Geschichte der psychiatrischen Wissenschaft", 1929) and the first dictionary of medical psychology ( "Handworterbuch der medizinischer Psychologie", Lpz., 1930). He studied many of the problems criminal psychology, in particular, "prison psychosis" induced in various psychopathological typologies.