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Kaoru Ishikawa

Picture of Kaoru Ishikawa

Date of Birth: 07/13/1915

Age: 74

Place of birth: Tokyo

Citizenship: Japan

Ishikawa diagram

Kaoru Ishikawa was born in 1915 in Tokyo (Tokyo). He was the oldest of eight sons Ichiro / Ichiro Ishikawa (Ichiro Ishikawa). In 1939, Kaoru graduated from the University of Tokyo (University of Tokyo) with an engineering degree in Applied Chemistry. His first job was as a naval technical officer (1939-1941), after which Ishikawa joined the fuel company `Nissan Liquid Fuel Company` in 1947. He began to perform the duties of chairman in the Musashi Institute of Technology (Musashi Institute of Technology) in 1978.

In 1949, Kaoru joined the research group of the Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE), controlling product quality. After World War II, Japan was interested in the transformation of the industrial sector, which in North America was seen solely as a manufacturer of cheap toys and low-quality cameras. It was a time when his ability to Ishikawa mobilized large groups of people trying to reach a common goal, which is to a large extent was to develop a Japanese production. He put into practice, integrated and detailed account management concept of W. Edwards Deming (W. Edwards Deming) and Joseph M. Juran (Joseph M. Juran) in the Japanese system.

After becoming a professor, having a PhD, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo in 1960, Ishikawa in 1962 introduced the concept of Quality Circles (Quality Circles). In industrial plants, this concept was originally introduced experimentally to see what effect `leading ruki` (Gemba - cho) it will have on quality.

Such groups volunteer teaching methods of statistical quality control at all levels of the organization, engaged in analyzing problems and develop optimal solutions. Although invited to participate in the experiment, many companies only `Nippon Telephone & Telegraph`prinyala invitation. But soon the quality circles have become very popular, it has become an important link in the system of management based on quality management (Total Quality Management System). Ishikawa has written two books about quality circles, `QC Circle Koryo` and` How to Operate QC Circle Activities`.

Continuing to contribute to the program to increase the quality of production, in 1963, Kaoru was present at the Annual Conference on Quality Control for senior executives, and has written several books on quality control. His book `Guide to Quality Control` was translated into English. He was also chairman of the editorial board of the monthly publication `Statistical quality control `(` Statistical Quality Control `) and took part in international standardization activities.

In 1982, a method was developed `Isikava` Diagrams used for the development and continuous improvement of products and the identification of the actual causes of problems.

After the death of Kaoru Ishikawa in 1989, Joseph M. Juran in his eulogy said: `... We can learn a lot just by examining how much has been done to Dr. Ishikawa in one lifetime. According to my observations, it has achieved all by using their natural talents in the best. It was dedicated to the service of society and not to himself. He acted modestly, and it united the other. He followed his own teachings, gathering facts and subjecting them to scrutiny. He was completely open, leaving him completely trust `.

In 1972, Ishikawa received `Eugene L. Grant Award` from the American Organization for Quality (ASQ), in 1977 - a medal with blue ribbon (Blue Ribbon Medal) from the Japanese government for his achievements in the field of industrial standards, and in 1988 - m - medal Shewhart Walter A. (Walter A. Shewhart) and the Order of the Sacred treasure of the second degree (Order of the Sacred treasures).