Date of Birth: 04/12/1950
Place of birth: Zomba
most powerful woman in Africa
Dr. Joyce Hilda Banda (Joyce Hilda Banda), nee Mtila (Mtila), was born on April 12, 1950 th in Zomba, Nyasaland (Zomba District, Nyasaland). Her father was a popular musician from Malawi police brass band. Banda started her career as a secretary; She first attracted attention during the reign of the dictator Kamuzu Banda (Kamuzu Banda), her namesake, not relative.
Joyce earned a bachelor`s degree in early childhood education, a degree in the social sphere - in gender studies, as well as a diploma in management in non-governmental organizations. In 2013 she received an honorary doctorate from the University of Jeonju University.
Joyce married Roy Cajal (Roy Kachale), from whom she had three children. In 1975, in the wake of the growth of movements in support of women`s rights, Joyce took her children and left her husband, sated abuse on his part. Her marriage culminated in divorce in 1981. Today, she is married to the former Chief Justice of the Republic of Malawi, Banda Richard (Richard Banda), the father of her two children.
In the world of politics Joyce appeared in 1999. She got a seat in parliament in the second democratic elections, representing the party of President Bakili Muluzi (Bakili Muluzi). He appointed her minister for gender and community services, and all the gang forces pushed forward a bill on domestic violence, which do not take seven years. Banda also developed a program for orphans and vulnerable segments of the population and the campaign against child abuse.
In 2006, under President Bingu wa Mutharika (Bingu wa Mutharika) she became foreign minister. When her participation were severed relations with Taiwan (Taiwan) and established with Beijing (Beijing). In 2009, Banda was chosen as the first female vice-president in Malavi.dekabrya of 2010, it was reported that she was dismissed from his position for the `` anti-party activities. Subsequently, the court found that Mutharika has no constitutional grounds to this decision, and the gang continued its work on the creation of a new party. The relationship between Joyce and Bingu strained to the limit, when the latter tried to push his brother Peter Mutharika (Peter Mutharika) and make it a top contender for the presidency.
The sudden death of Bingu wa Mutharika April 5, 2012, marked the end of tensions between him and the gang. In accordance with Article 83 (4) of the Constitution of Malawi, the rightful successor to the president he became vice president. However, the government of Malawi has tried to get a court order to prevent Banda to take the presidency. In turn, she turned to the army commander, General Henry Odile (Henry Odillo), and asked if he would support it. He agreed, and around her house for security while patrolling troops.
Joyce was sworn in April 7, 2012 the second, becoming the first woman president of Malawi. In the first week of the presidency, she began to consider the restoration of international relations, including a conversation held with the US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (Hillary Clinton), who promised in the near future to provide a grant of $ 350 million.
May 18, 2012 th Banda announced its intention to lift the ban on homosexuality in Malawi, which proposes criminal responsibility in the country. In June of 2012, in order to reduce government spending, the gang sold the plane and 60 luxury cars. Her plane `Dassault` was bought for $ 15 million.
`Forbes` Magazine named Bandu most powerful woman in Africa (Africa) and the 71 th most powerful woman in the world.