Date of birth: 08.02.1925
Place of birth: Mercedes
He came to power in a coup, overthrowing Isabel Martinez de Peron (Isabel Martinez de Peron). After the return of democratic government Videla was convicted of human rights violations and crimes against humanity that took place during his reign. In particular he was accused of kidnapping and their disappearance, the broad practice of torture and murder of activists, political opponents (both real and merely alleged) as well as their families. Also with Jorge regime of terror existed secret concentration camps.
Videla remained under house arrest until October 10th 2008, after which he was taken to a military prison. 5 of July of 2010, he took full responsibility for the actions of its army during his reign: `As a representative of the highest military authority in the course of civil strife, I accept full responsibility. My subordinates followed my prikazam` - said Jorge Argentine court. December 22, 2010 on, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in civil jail for the death of 31-th prisoner after his coup.
Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo (Jorge Rafael Videla Redondo) was born on 2 August 1925 in the Mercedes, a suburb of Buenos Aires (Mercedes, Buenos Aires). He entered the National Military College (Colegio Militar de la Naci & # 243; n) March 3, 1942, which ended December 21st 1944 with the rank of second lieutenant. Moving up the service with the rank of a junior officer in the infantry Jorge studied at the Military College from 1952 to 1954-th, leaving the institution with the rank of staff officer.
He served in the Ministry of Defence from 1958 till 1960, and then headed the Military Academy until 1962. In 1972, Videla was promoted to brigadier general and appointed Alejandro Agustin Lanusse (Alejandro Agustin Lanusse) Director of the National War College. At the end of 1973, the head of the army, Leandro Anaya (Leandro Anaya), Videla appointed chief of army staff. In July and August 1975, Videla was the head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Estado Mayor Conjunto) of the Argentine armed forces. In August 1975, President Isabel Peron appointed Jorge commander of the Argentine army.
Isabel Peron, the former vice president and the third wife of Juan Peron (Juan Peron), won the presidency after the death of her husband. Its authoritarian regime was not popular and effective, and then Jorge led a military coup, deprived of its power on March 24, 1976. It was formed by the military junta, which, in addition to Videla, Admiral Emilio Massera entered (Admiral Emilio) and Brigadier Orlando Ramon Agosti (Orlando Ramon Agosti), representing the Air Force. Two days after the coup, Videla formally assumed the position of President of Argentina, proclaiming the beginning of `` national renaissance.
The military junta seized power in a period of extreme instability, terrorist attacks by the Marxist circles of the Revolutionary People`s Army (ERP) and the guerrilla organization `Montoneros` (Montoneros) and, on the other hand, abductions, torture and killings, organized by the Argentine anti-communist alliance led Jose Lopez Regoy (Jos & # 233; L & # 243; pez Rega).
In total, 293 were killed by soldiers and police officers in the period from 1975 to 1976-th in the course of terrorist incidents. Lieutenant General Jorge Videla himself narrowly escaped death three times by guerrillas `Montonero` and ERP in the period from February 1976 to April 1977. An estimated 9 000 000-30 Argentines missing and most likely killed. Many of them were illegally arrested, tortured and deported. Human Rights Assembly (APDH) believes that only during `National vozrozhdeniya` were killed or missing 12,261 people.
During the regime of Videla, not much different from the Pinochet regime (Pinochet), Argentina launched an operation `Soberania` the purpose of the invasion of the southern tip of South America. Iz-za of Chile almost went to war with Argentina, but a treaty of peace and friendship between the two countries from 1984, recognized the Chilean sovereignty.
April 30, 1977 Asus Vishaflor (Azucena Villaflor) and 13 other women staged a demonstration in the Plaza de Mayo (Plaza de Mayo), the presidential palace, demanding to be told the whereabouts of their disappeared children. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in the course of the investigation in September 1979 condemned the Argentine government, referring to the numerous disappearances and abuses of power. The leader of the organization `In the Service of Peace and Justice `(Servicio Paz y Justicia), Adolfo Perez Esquivel (Adolfo Perez Esquivel), was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1980 for exposing the many violations of human rights in Argentina.
Videla relinquished power to Roberto Viola (Roberto Viola) March 29, 1981. Democracy was restored in 1983, Jorge was put on trial and found guilty. He was sentenced to life in prison, but in 1990, President Carlos Menem (Carlos Menem) pardoned Videla and other members of the junta. In 1998, Jorge thundered again behind bars, only 38 days, when a judge found him guilty of abduction of children during the Dirty War (Guerra sucia). After that, the dictator was transferred to house arrest due to health problems.
On September 6, 2006, the judge Norberto Oyarbide (Norberto Oyarbide) ruled that a pardon on behalf of Menem - an unconstitutional, and 2 of July of 2010, Videla was put on trial by passing on the case of the death of 31-second political prisoner during his government. Three days later, Jorge admitted his guilt - and the 22 of December of 2010, was sentenced to life imprisonment.