John Howard

Picture of John Howard

Date of Birth: 09/02/1726

Age: 63

Place of birth: London

Citizenship: United Kingdom


In 1773, Howard was elected sheriff of Bedford, and he was amazed by the atmosphere in which prisoners were kept local prison. Examining the prisons in England and continental Europe, in 1777 he published the book "The State of Prisons in England and Wales", which shocked the minds of contemporaries and gave impetus to the humanization of the prison system.

By the way, Howard determined the dependence of epidemics in urban areas from the "prison fever" flashes: hygiene was bad in prisons, as a result of an infection spread through the neighborhood.

Howard then studied business and quarantine anti-plague measures committing in 1785 a dangerous journey for Southern Europe.

He explored the quarantines and visited hospitals with plague patients, as well as ask questions to doctors in these countries, which have prepared him for the British infectious disease. "Report on the major hospitals in Europe with different notes on the plague" was of great importance for the development of infectious medicine.

Howard visited St. Petersburg and spoke with Russian doctors and in 1790 arrived in Kherson, who was then a part of Russia, to fight the epidemic typhus. Then he planned to visit a number of places in the Crimea, however, he has caught himself, probably from their patients. Personal physician of Prince Potemkin Howard tried to help, but to no avail.

January 20, 1790 John Howard died. He is buried in Kherson, where he was a monument. Bronze statue in memory of John Howard and set in Bedford.