John Gatenby Bolton
Date of Birth: 06/05/1922
Born in Sheffield (England), he graduated from the University of Cambridge in 1943. In 1942-1946 he served in the British Navy, in 1946-1954 he worked in the department of radio physics Organization of scientific and industrial research in Sydney, in 1955-1961 - at the California Institute of Technology (USA), where he founded a radio astronomy observatory in the Owens Valley. Returning in 1961 in Australia, headed by new radio astronomy observatory in Parkes, is included with the Organization of Scientific and Industrial Research (now the Australian National Radio Astronomy Observatory).
Major works in the field of radioastronomii.V 1948-1949, after the discovery of Dzh. S. Hay, S. Parsons and Phillips Dzh. first discrete source of radio emission in the constellation Cygnus, discovered a few other discrete sources and showed thereby that it is - a new class of objects . In 1949, together with Dzh. Stanley A. Slee and offered the first three identifying discrete radio sources with galactic supernova remnants (including radio source Taurus with A-Crab Nebula). He studied (1954, 1956), the spatial distribution of discrete sources. The Observatory in Parkes, along with the staff performed several reviews discrete sources andtheir identification. Parkskie directories are among the most extensive and accurate. In collaboration with K. Uestfoldom realized (1950) A review of the distribution of the radio brightness of the sky at 100 MHz; on the basis of this and other surveys examined the distribution of the emitting regions in the galaxy. He participated in the identification, led to the discovery (1960) quasars studied the optical spectra of quasars and spent their photoelectric observations. He investigated the radio emission from the Sun and planets. Together with R. Payne-Scott and D. Yabsli discovered (1947) the dependence of the start time of a solar flare on the frequency (radiation at high frequencies occur somewhat earlier than at low), which indicates the movement of the exciting agent through the solar atmosphere outside.
A member of the Australian Academy of Sciences (1965), the Royal Society of London (1973), the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (1980), honorary member of the Indian National Academy of Sciences (1973) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1972), vice-president of the International Astronomical Union (1973-1979) .
Medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales (1950), Gold Medal of Science Encyclopaedia Britannica (1967), Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1977), a medal, Bruce (1988).