John Dewey

Picture of John Dewey

Date of Birth: 10/20/1859

Age: 92

Place of birth: Burlington (Vermont pcs.)

Citizenship: United States


Born near Burlington (Vermont pcs.) October 20, 1859. Until now, we know little about his ancestors, but it is known that the first Dewey, who settled in America, had three sons, among the descendants of one of them was John Dewey, another - the Governor Thomas Dewey, and the third - Admiral George Dewey, became famous for the battle in Manila bay during the Spanish-American war of 1898. Three generations of Dewey were farmers, his father was engaged in trade. Dewey was educated at Burlington High School, she graduated from the University of Vermont, and then two years he taught at a school in Pennsylvania, was a teacher in the village school for a year in his home state. In 1882 he enrolled at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. There he was influenced by George Sylvester Morris, a visiting professor from the University of Michigan, a representative of the American neo-Hegelianism. In 1884 he received his Ph.D. at Johns Hopkins University, presenting a thesis, which focused on one aspect of the psychological theory of Kant.

In the autumn of the same year, Dewey began teaching philosophy at the University of Michigan and remained there (with the exception of a brief period of teaching at the University of Minnesota in 1888 - 1889) until 1894, when he was offered the post of professor and dean of the Faculty of Philosophy, Psychology and Pedagogy, University of Chicago. It was in Chicago Dewey shifted from abstract to traditional problems of metaphysics and epistemology to a more practical and specific problems of philosophy, psychology and pedagogy. By 1903 the so-called Chicago School instrumentalism experienced a period of prosperity and pedagogical experiments, begun in 1896 based Dewey `school laboratories`, began to exert a significant influence on educational theory and practice in the United States. Since 1904, Dewey taught at Columbia University and remained there until his retirement in 1930, then served as honorary professor of the university. During this period he wrote a number of works: in logic, epistemology, psychology, pedagogy, social philosophy, art history, religion. As the famous philosopher and teacher, he was invited to China, Japan, Turkey, Mexico, the Soviet Union. Dewey took an active social position and participated in numerous committees and movements of liberal orientation. Dewey died in New York on June 1, 1952.

The first works were published in Dewey, when he worked at Johns Hopkins University. These are two articles in the "Journal of Speculative Philosophy