Date of Birth: 09/05/1800
Place of birth: Torrington, CT
Citizenship: United States
John Brown was born on May 9, Torrington (Connecticut). He was the second son of Owen Brown (1771-1856) and Ruth Mills (1772-1808) and grandson of Captain John Brown (1728-1776). For some time it was thought that it was the same as John Brown, who at the time of the American Revolution was a loyalist and was in prison with the infamous Claudius Smith (1736-1779) (allegedly for stealing cattle, which went on the content of the starving British troops). However, this does not correspond to the history of the Brown family, no records of the Humphrey family, with which the Browns were related (Humphrey was abolitionist John Brown`s grandmother on the maternal side). In 1857, John Brown wrote an autobiographical note, according to which his grandfather and his grandfather`s first wife were soldiers of the Continental Army. This is confirmed in the book "Family of Khafre in America" ??(1883), where Brown`s grandfather is mentioned.
In 1805 the family moved to Ohio. Browns settled in Hudson. Here the family was engaged in cattle breeding, John was guarding the flock. On the advice of the Indians, whom the Browns maintained friendly relations, Owen Brown became engaged in the tanning of hides, which proved beneficial.
When the Anglo-American War of 1812-1814. ended, John Brown went home and decided to go to school. At age 16, John Brown went to Plainfield (Massachusetts) and enrolled in school. Soon he moved to the Academy in Litchfield (Connecticut). He had hoped to become a Congregationalist minister, but he ran out of money; In addition, John inflamed eyes began. This forced him to quit the academy and go back to Ohio. Here, together with his brother, Levi, he opened his own tanning studio, which at first brought considerable dohod.21 June 1820 Brown married Dayant Lusk. Their first child, John Jr., was born 13 months later. In the spring of 1825 Brown and his family moved to Crawford, near the village of Richmond (Pennsylvania). Here, John bought a plot of 200 acres (over 800,000 m & # 178;). He cleared the eighth section, built a house, a barn and a tanning studio, and then hired 15 people to work. Also, he was trying to make, breeding cattle and engaged in surveying. But things went wrong, and Browne had become a postman. Despite these difficulties, Brown tried to organize a school for blacks, which actively opposed the local authorities.
In 1831, one of his sons died. Brown became ill and all his debts grew. In the summer of 1832, shortly after the death of a newborn son, Dayant died of brain inflammation. At the same time, Brown`s home became a refuge for runaway negroes, which after the uprising Nat Turner became more and more.
June 14, 1833 Brown married a sixteen-year Mary Ann Day (1817-1884). In the end, they had thirteen children, not counting seven more from a previous marriage.
In 1836, the Browns family pereeehala in Ohio to Franklin Mills. There`s Brown got a loan to buy land. He suffered heavy financial losses during the economic crisis in 1837 and was once even taken into custody. Brown had to not only pay off your debts, but also to feed the family. So he tried many different ways to make money: Brown leather tanning involved, trafficking in cattle and sheep wool, horses, sheep. However, the September 28, 1842, John Brown was declared bankrupt. In 1843 four of his children died of dysentery.
one of the first white abolitionist, defended the guerrilla struggle and practice it with the purpose of the abolition of slavery. Brown first drew public attention when he commanded a detachment of volunteers who fought in Kansas and participated in two pitched battles against southerners who favored slavery. John Brown led the massacre at Potawatomi May 24, 1856, and freed 11 slaves in the neighboring state of Missouri. The most famous feat was the color Brown raid, during which the government arsenal at Harpers Ferry was captured (in present-day West Virginia). Subsequent capture Brown`s government troops, under the command of Robert E. Lee, his trial and execution of Brown considered to be one of the important preconditions for the American Civil War, which began sixteen months later. The song "John Brown`s Body" was the marching song of the northerners.