Date of Birth: 11/28/1628
Place of birth: Elstou Bedfordshire
Citizenship: United Kingdom
After receiving primary education, even in adolescence he took up his father`s craft, becoming a tinker and a tinsmith. During the civil war in 1644-1646, he had served in the parliamentary army. After returning home, he suddenly married. Among the townspeople, he quickly gained notoriety blasphemer, profanity and revelers who do not attend church, but later, partly under the influence of his wife, began to think about their sins and spiritual defilement, experiencing periods of remorse and desperation. Subsequently, in his autobiographical essay grace poured out on the ground among the sinners (Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, 1666), he told about the effort it took to overcome this state of mind of rejection and hopelessness and to gain confidence in the mercy of God. Fortunately for him, he was influenced by John Chifforda, non-conformist priest of the church of St. John Bedford, and in 1653 became a member of the non-conformist communities.
Around 1656 Bunyan`s wife died, leaving four young children, one of whom was blind. Convinced that the grace of God generously poured out even on such as he, Bunyan began to preach (without having the formal permit) among its neighbors, and in 1656 published his first book entitled Some opened gospel truths (Some Gospel Truths Opened) which he criticized the idea of ??the Quakers. In 1659 he married a second time and in the same year published the first of his edifying tracts - Disclosure of the doctrine of the Law and Grace (The Doctrine of the Law and Grace Unfolded).
After the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 entered into force a law against amateur nonconformist preachers, and in November the same year, Bunyan was arrested and locked up in prison, where he spent 12 years. During this period, he published nine books, the most significant of which was the grace poured out ... After his release in January 1672 for three years preached in Bedford, but in 1675 was re-cast for about six months in prison, where, according to tradition, and wrote The Way pilgrim. In subsequent years, no longer persecuted, and his fame as a preacher reached London. During this period he published four religious allegorical works, putting it on a par with the classics of English literature.
Pilgrim (1678) is an allegorical story about the thorny path through the swamp of despair, the Valley of the Shadow of Death, Vanity Fair and other places in which to be Christian ( "Christian"), bound for the heavenly city. The Life and Death of Mr. Bedmana (The Life and Death of Mr. Badman, 1680) - also an allegorical tale of a vicious hypocrisy and dishonest little business (Bedman, literally "bad man"), who dies unrepentant. Holy War (The Holy War, 1682) -krasochnaya allegory tells of how the Devil took the city Mensoul ( "human soul") and eventually was expelled from there Immanuel ( "God with us").
Pilgrim, Part Two (1684) - the story of Christiana ( "Christian") and her children, who follow the same path as the Christian, to the heavenly city. Christian is not subject to such a terrible ordeal, as her husband, however, found a number of interesting new characters.
In all of these works of art are places showing no small literary talent Bunyan, and they were the favorite reading of the common people, who were opposed to the state and the official church. Instant success Way pilgrim was unprecedented for the English literature: in the first ten years of the novel survived more than a dozen editions. He was subsequently translated into more than a hundred languages ??and went into the treasury of world classics.