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Johann Kaspar Bluntschli

Picture of Johann Kaspar Bluntschli

Date of Birth: 07/03/1808

Age: 73

Place of birth: Zurich

Citizenship: Switzerland

Background

Bluntschli, Johann Caspar (Bluntschli, Johann Kaspar) (1808-1881 ), a Swiss lawyer and statesman. He was born in Zurich on 7 March 1808. He was educated at the Institute in Zurich policy, as well as at the universities of Berlin and Bonn. In 1830 for the first time engaged in politics as a supporter of the constitutional reform. He was appointed professor of law, University of Zurich in 1833. In 1837 he was elected a member of the Greater Zurich council, and in 1844 its president. In 1847 he settled in Munich and a year later he was appointed Professor of Constitutional Law, University of Munich. Among the works written by him - Total state law (Allgemeines Staatsrecht, Abtl 1-2, 1851-1852 .); a four Code of Private Law of the Canton of Zurich (Privatrechtliches Gesetzbuch fr den Kanton Zrich, 1854-1856). The Code contains a chapter on contracts, which was included in the law, not only the Swiss cantons, but also a number of other states. Bluntschli In 1861 he was appointed professor of constitutional law at Heidelberg University. He moved to Baden in 1866, advocated neutrality Baden during the Austro-Prussian War. The most noticeable contribution Bluntschli in the military and among unarodnogo law. His book Modern military law (Das moderne Kriegsrecht, 1866) formed the basis of documents of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907. Another notable work Bluntschli - Modern international law (Das moderne Vlkerrecht, 1868), has long been considered the "canonical" in their field. In 1873, Bluntschli became one of the founders of the Institute of International Law in Ghent. Died Bluntschli in Karlsruhe, October 21, 1881.