Date of Birth: 08/08/1709
Place of birth: Tubingen
The German scientist Russian service, physician, botanist, ethnographer, traveler, explorer of Siberia and the Urals, associate chemistry and natural history of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (30 August 1727), professor c 22 January 1731 on January 1, 1748, active member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. Naturalist academic detachment of the Second Kamchatka Expedition (1733-1743).
According to the research in Siberia, he published the book "Flora of Siberia" (1747-1769) in 4 volumes in Russian, which described 1178 species of plants native to Siberia, and "Journey to Siberia" in 4 volumes in German.
Academician and the honorary member of the Stockholm Academy of Sciences.
Uncle Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin (Gmelin, Jr.), a naturalist-traveler, and Johann Friedrich Gmelin, a professor of medicine in Tubingen and Gottingen.
In botanical nomenclature of the scientific names of the plants described by Gmelin, marked reduction