Jingwei Wang

Picture of Jingwei Wang

Date of Birth: 05/10/1883

Age: 61

Place of birth: Foshan

Citizenship: Japan


Wang Jingwei born May 4, 1883 in Sanshui county (now the Foshan) prov. Guangdong, but his parents were natives of the province. Zhejiang. In 1903 he went to study in Japan, where in 1905 he joined the Society "Tongmenghui" led by Sun Yat-sen. In 1910, for taking part in political activities, he was arrested and sentenced by the Qing court to life imprisonment. After the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the monarchy in China, was released. He was educated in France (1912-1917 gg.), And later became the personal assistant to Sun Yat-sen.

After the death of Sun Yat-sen from June 1925 to March 1926. He served as chairman of the Kuomintang government in Guangzhou. He clashed with Chiang Kai-shek and led the left wing of the Kuomintang. In April - August 1927 was the chairman of the Kuomintang Central Executive Committee and chairman of the government in Wuhan. In the June 1927 coup d`etat, establishing a personal dictatorship.

In 1930-1931 gg. He led the struggle for power in the Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek. After reconciliation with Chiang Kai-shek from 1 July 1931 to 1 January 1932. He was chairman of the Executive Yuan and the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Kuomintang government in Nanjing. In January 1932 he took over as prime minister. November 1, 1935 was assassinated Wang. He was seriously wounded and left for treatment in Europe. In January 1937 he returned to China.

In 1937-1938. He was chairman of the Kuomintang Central Political Council. Headed in the Kuomintang supporters of cooperation with Japan, conducted pro-Japanese policy. In December 1938, Chiang Kai-shek as a deputy to the CEC of the Kuomintang, fled from the time of China`s capital city of Chongqing and openly sided with the Japanese invaders. 29 December of the same year in Hanoi made a proposal to enter into negotiations with Japan, which resulted in the March 30, 1940 in Nanjing, led by Wang was created the central government of the Chinese Republic (largely controlled by Japan), which also became known as "the national government" .

After the start of the 2nd World War, he is constantly performed with a proposal to Japan to enter the war on its side. In November 1942, Japan agreed to China`s entry into the war. December 20, 1942, arrived in Tokyo, where he met with Emperor Hirohito.

January 9, 1943 has announced on behalf of the Republic of China and the US war on Great Britain, and then made a joint Japan-China Declaration on the conduct of the war to the bitter end. In 1943 he achieved a significant easing of the Japanese occupation regime and the empowerment of its government. October 20, 1943 signed an agreement on Sino-Japanese alliance (later in the Additional Protocol, Japan promised to withdraw its troops from the territory of China after the war). In the 2nd half of 1944, he fell seriously ill and was admitted for treatment at the clinic of the University of Nagoya, where he died on November 10, 1944.

Evaluation of Wang Jingwei activity

Wang Jingwei in China is considered a traitor. After the liberation of China from Japanese occupation grave Wang Jingwei in Nanjing it was destroyed.