Date of Birth: 02/15/1748
Place of birth: London
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Mummified reformer Enlightenment
Jeremy Bentham was born February 15, 1748 the first in London (London), in a wealthy family, supporting the Tory Party. Bentham was a child prodigy. Somehow he found for his father`s desk, where barely learned to walk, Jeremiah was reading a multi-volume history of England. He began to study Latin in three years. He was very close with his brother Samuel (Samuel), the future mechanical engineer.
Jeremiah studied at Westminster School (Westminster School). In 1760, at the age of 12 he was sent to his father in the King`s College in Oxford (The Queen`s College, Oxford), where in 1763-m received a bachelor`s degree, and in 1766-m - a master`s degree. In fact, Bentham had to practice law. In the 1769-meters, he got to the bar, but they never used it. Jeremiah deeply disappointed in confusing the English legal system, which is nicknamed `demon kryuchkotvorstva`.
In 1823 Bentham with James Mill (James Mill) founded the magazine `Westminster Review`, especially for` philosophical radikalov`, a group of his young followers, through whom Bentham had a significant influence on British public life. One of these was a radical writer Edwin Chadwick (Edwin Chadwick), which covered the topics of hygiene, sanitation and police patrols and helped the formation of the famous English laws on the poor. Bentham Chadwick hired for the post of its secretary and bequeathed him a large sum of money.
Bentham died June 6, 1832-th, 85 year of his life in London. Before his departure Jeremiah `carefully podgotovilsya` to the opening of the body. Back in the 1769-m, when Bentham was 21, he made his will, according to which his body had to dissect a family friend, the doctor and chemist George Fordyce (George Fordyce), whose daughter Maria Sofia (Maria Sophia) married Samuel Bentham. According to another document, Jeremiah, from 1830, Thomas Southwood Smith (Thomas Southwood Smith), a physician and reformer of sanitary norms, should take care about the future of Bentham`s remains.
Almost all of his fortune Bentham bequeathed to the London Hospital, but only on condition that his body will be present at all meetings of the board members. Thomas Smith, experimenting with mummification, a technique borrowed indigenous people of New Zealand (New Zealand), but Bentham after the procedure did not look in the best way - dried, with pale skin stretched over a skull. Because of this, the remains of Bentham dressed in a suit, napichkalisenom, and did wax mask on his head.
In life, Bentham advocated individual and economic freedom, separation of church and state, equal rights for women, the right to divorce and the decriminalization of homosexual acts. Same-sex affection, Jeremiah referred to as `the wrong voluptuous appetit`, for that is not worth pursuing.
He called for the abolition of slavery, the death penalty, corporal punishment, including of children. Bentham was one of the first who began to talk about animal rights. Seeing the benefit in expanding the individual`s legal rights, Bentham, however, was against the idea of ??natural law. Calm and friendly, Jeremiah brought his judgment into a frenzy of many thinkers. One of them, Max Carl (Karl Marx), generally called Bentham `bourgeois gluposti` genius.