Date of Birth: 1530
Place of birth: Angers
The founder of the science policy
Jean Bodin, the son of a prosperous bourgeoisie, a member of the tailor`s shop, and a contemporary of Michel de Montaigne (Michel de Montaigne) and Nostradamus (Nostradamus), born in 1529 or 1530 in the city of Angers in western France (Angers, France). He had a chance to live and work in the era of the Reformation (Reformation), against a background of continued conflict between Catholics and Huguenots, which led to a permanent religious and civil conflicts. In his youth he studied at the convent of Carmelite brothers in Angers, and then went to Paris (Paris), where he studied at the College de France (College de France), absorbing like a sponge, the wisdom of medieval science and humanism of the Renaissance (Renaissance ). Around 1549 he was released from his monastic vows. It is possible that he was involved in the trial of heresy in 1547-1548, respectively, and therefore remained in Calvinist Geneva (Geneve) - in both cases, there are written records, but the name and surname of Boden were very common at the time, so it may be another person.
However, it is known that Bodin studied and then taught Roman law at the University of Toulouse in 1550. In 1561 he returned to Paris and took up law practice, although at this time in France was a terrible period of religious wars. In Paris, he wrote his first important work, `Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem` (literally - `easy method of studying history`), which is published in 1566-m. The book was so successful that in 1572 th it was republished in the amended form. By making a direct reference to `Respubliku` Plato (Platon), it offers through the reinterpretation of historical lessons to be inspired to create the best laws.
By Boden favored King Henry III (Henri III), and at his insistence, Jean became a member of the States General (States-General), gathered in Blois (Blois) in 1576-1577, from the third class county Vermandois (Vermandois). He, meanwhile, opposed the projects of the king, fell into disgrace, and found a patron in the person of Francois, Duke of Alencon and Anjou (Francois de France, duc d `Alencon et d` Anjou), the younger brother of King . After the death of the prince he retired in Picardy Laon (Laon) in the north of the country. For several years, Boden served as Attorney Lana - the post passed to him from his father`s wife - and participated in protsessahsoten women accused of witchcraft (alas, Boden fervently believed in the existence of witches). In 1589, Boden, two consecutive elected mayor of the city announced Lan defender of the Catholic League, but later called on the citizens to recognize Henry IV (Henri IV).
In 1596, Jean Bodin died in Lana during an epidemic of bubonic plague.
Boden remained a Catholic throughout his life, but was critical of the papal authority and its propensity to interfere in the affairs of earthly rulers. Sometimes he thought disguised a Calvinist. By the end of his life he wrote a paper in the form of a dialogue between different religions, including on behalf of the representatives of Judaism and Islam and adherents of philosophical theology. In the book, all religions came to the conclusion that they can exist in peace and harmony.