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Jan Boner

Picture of Jan Boner

Date of Birth: 1463

Age: 60

Place of birth: Landau

Citizenship: Poland

Best Polish financier 15th century

The exact date of the birth of Jan Bonera historians is unknown, however, was born to a merchant clearly 1463rd; it happened in Landau (Landau, Palatinate). The relatively young age Boehner engaged in trade and founded in Breslau (Breslau) own enterprise. Already in the 1483-meters, he settled in Krakow, Poland (Krak & # 243; w, Poland). Becoming a successful trader, he specialized in spices, metals, timber, cattle, and many others. Branches opened his business in a variety of cities and countries; koe-kakie outlets in Jan Bonera were not just in Poland and Germany, but also in Hungary (Hungary), and even in Russia. Ian Bonner enjoyed great authority among his contemporaries; in 1498, he was elected to the City Council, and in 1514-m the Polish king Sigismund I (King Sigismund I of Poland) gave him a title of nobility and citizenship.

Of course, the title of the royal banker and a major supplier of the royal court from a business point of view, Boehner went exclusively to the benefit - with time he became one of the richest men in Europe. Do not think that just Yang sought exclusively through linkages - of the business talent of its legends, and good attitude of the king he was able to earn quite a hard work. Among other things, it was Yang Boehner once literally saved the kingdom from ruin, adding considerably depleted coffers sum in those days almost incredible - about 200,000 zlotys. For debts Boehner received a number of important possessions. So, from the Jordan Zaklizhina (Jordan of Zakliczyn) for 12,000 zlotys placed at his disposal area Spisz, Kostsilsky Stanislaw (Stanislaw Koscielski) for 14,000 zlotys gave Ian town Oswiecim (Oswie cim) and salt mines Ruthenia (Ruthenia). In addition, Yang took control of a number of fairly large state-owned `` cities.

Active removal of property for the debts Boehner helped considerably increase the already solid state and further strengthen its position.

In 1515-m Bonera was appointed manager of one of the most profitable companies of the era - the salt mines of Wieliczka (Wieliczka). Income from these mines was a large part of the total income of the whole of Poland, so it selected the new manager was more than reasonable. Yang also received a personal property locks ojcow (Ojcow) and Rabstejn (Rabsztyn); in 1522-m, he was appointed manager of the Royal Tower.

Yang Boehner and later went on to play a key role in the economic and financial life of the country as a whole. So, it was on his initiative was made division of the royal treasury and the state; This reform proved to be extremely tenacious and lasted until the partitions of Poland in the late 18th century. Moreover, Boehner served as a staff consultant financier of the royal court and the King of Poland; among other things, in charge of his indulgences were donations made in Poland. Boehner has been known as a philanthropist and - it is quite an active supporter of artists and scientists; interestingly, mostly I worked with Ian Boehner artists and scientists from Germany and Italy.

Ian Bonner died in 1523-m in Breslau, during the next business trip. However, his legacy lasted for a long time - Ian became the founder of a fairly powerful and influential family, who had in Poland (and Europe in general) some impact. Descendants of Jan Bonera actively cooperated with the representatives of the Jagiellonian dynasty (Jagiellonian), providing them with all sorts of support.