James G Blaine
Date of Birth: 01/31/1830
Place of birth: Pennsylvania
Citizenship: United States
Blaine was born in western Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania); he later moved to Maine, where he became the editor of a local newspaper. Already at that time James was incredibly talented orator; ability to beautifully and convincingly communicate in America at that time valued, so Blaine enjoyed a well-deserved reputation.
At the very beginning of his political career Blaine supported Abraham Lincoln (Abraham Lincoln) and the Union (Union). In the South, Reconstruction era (Reconstruction) Blaine stood for the rights of blacks (although it was against some of the most stringent measures proposed by radical Republicans). For a while, James Blaine stood on a protectionist stance, but later began to advocate for the reduction of duties and the intensification of international trade. Blaine showed great interest to other important issues of the time - such as the development of the rail network; James Blaine even accused of corruption - which, incidentally, strongly influenced his subsequent political career.
As Secretary of State Blaine played a crucial role in the formation of a new system of international relations; largely thanks to his efforts ended the era of isolationism, and the country was able to declare itself on a completely new level. James Blaine was able not only to unite and rebuild the country`s internal trading system - it also has established an effective foreign trade. It is believed that expansionism Blaine helped the country gain a number of colonies in the Pacific Ocean (Pacific ocean) and to strengthen its influence in the Caribbean (Caribbean).
In 1876 Blaine announced his candidacy for the presidential elections; first he was considered the favorite, but in the future its position pretty shaken - because of the above-mentioned railway scandal. For a while it seemed that Blaine will be able to prove his innocence, but the May 31, 1876 th Boston clerk James Mulligan (James Mulligan) confirmed the prosecution`s case, and said that he has a letter confirming all that accused Blaine. These letters, however, the Court has not been presented - it is known that after the meeting in some hotel Mulligan gave them to Blaine, although the exact details of this meeting are unknown.
Even the episode of the letters did not shake the position of Blaine; in the party primary election, he repeatedly gained a clear - though not sufficient for the official recognition - the most votes. Ironically, the party election of James Blaine eventually lost - his opponents suddenly came together, putting forward a single candidate. Oddly enough, the most defeated Blaine went only benefit - it bypassed Rutherford Hayes (Rutherford B. Hayes) lost the election and left the post of Secretary of the Treasury; appointed to this position Morrill Lot (Lot M. Morrill) vacated the seat in the Senate, which also took Blaine.
In 1884, James Blaine once again took part in the race for the presidency; alas, eventually defeated it - although with a relatively small margin - Democrat Grover Cleveland (Grover Cleveland).
James Blaine died January 27, 1893-GO, 4 days before his 63rd birthday; at the time of the death of former Secretary of State and a failed president was virtually forgotten by Americans.