Date of Birth: 10/27/1728
Place of birth: Marton-in-Cleveland
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Navigator with a sad ending
Born on 27 October 1728 in Marton-in-Cleveland (Yorkshire). In the shipowner in Whitby he studied mathematics and navigation. He proved himself as an able seaman, and in 1755 could become the captain of a merchant ship in the North Sea, but declined the offer, and enlisted in the Navy, where he soon was promoted to warrant officer and between 1759 and 1767 explored the coast r.Sv. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. The accuracy of maps and made observations he had compiled attracted the attention of the Royal Geographical Society and the Admiralty, who chose him to fulfill a specific task. However Ch.Grinom, astronomer of the Geographical Society, he had to watch the passage of the planet Venus across the disk of the Sun June 3rd 1769 with o.Taiti. Then he had to go to the southwest to find a hypothetical southern continent and explore New Zealand, the east coast which was opened in 1642 Dutch sailor Abel Tasman. Spacious pram Cook "Whitby" carrying capacity of 368 tons, renamed the "Endeavour", August 26, 1768 went to Cape Horn.
After observations in Tahiti and surveying the neighboring Society Islands, Cook sailed south to 40