Celebiography.net

James Buchanan

Picture of James Buchanan

Date of Birth: 04/23/1791

Age: 77

Place of birth: Cove Gap

Citizenship: United States

Background

During his presidency, Buchanan had to decide on the extension of slavery into the new territories of the USA. As an opponent of slavery, Buchanan was unable (or unwilling) to take a final decision on the fate of this institution.

Born in Kouvgeyp, Pennsylvania in 1791. In 1812 he graduated from law school in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He started practicing as a lawyer, but the outbreak of war in 1812 left the militia and served in the defense of Baltimore.

From 1821 to 1831 he represented his home state in the US House of Representatives.

In 1832, President Jackson appointed Buchanan`s ambassador to Russia. Two years later he returned to the States and was elected to the Senate, which was re-elected until 1844. In the Senate, he chaired the committee on foreign affairs.

In 1845, President James Polk invited Buchanan in his administration to the post of Secretary of State. In June 1846 Buchanan signed the Oregon Treaty with Britain.

From 1853 to 1856 years, Buchanan serves as ambassador to Great Britain. At home, he returned to win the presidential election in 1856.

During his presidency, Buchanan had to decide on the extension of slavery into the new territories of the USA. As an opponent of slavery, Buchanan was unable (or unwilling) to take a final decision on the fate of this institution.

When the next presidential election was won by a northerner, Abraham Lincoln, and it became clear that the secession of the southern states is inevitable, incumbent President Buchanan made his most rash act. He persuaded several influential northerners to charter civilian ship "Star of the West". This ship was loaded weapons, and he went to Fort Sumter. About the contents of its holds it soon became known southerners, and they forced the ship to return to New York, after firing his January 9, 1861 off the coast of the Carolinas. Shots rang impending war.

After the end of the presidential term Buchanan retired to his estate near Lancaster, where he died in 1868.