Date of Birth: 05/10/1838
Place of birth: Belfast
Viscount Bruce Dechmond, state and political figure in England, the diplomat and historian. Born May 10, 1838 in Belfast (Ireland), son of James Bruce, a school teacher, a native of Scotland. In 1862 he graduated from Trinity College, Oxford University, continued his education at the University of Heidelberg. In 1867 he received the right to engage in the practice of law. In 1870 he was awarded the Dr. steper in 1870-1893 Bruce taught civil law at Oxford. In 1880 he was elected to the House of Commons, was a member of a number of governments, led by the Liberal Party; in 1886-1892 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs; 1892 - Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster; in 1894-1895 - Chairman of the Board of Trade; in 1905 July 19 - Chief Secretary for Ireland. In 1870, Bruce made the first of his many trips to the United States; in 1876, he visited the Caucasus and retained throughout his life interest in Armenia, becoming later the founder of the Anglo-Armenian community. In 1907-1913 - the UK`s ambassador to the United States, strengthened diplomatic relations between the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. In 1913 Bruce was granted a peerage, in 1914 the title of Viscount. In the same year he became a member of the International Court of Justice in The Hague, during the First World War led the committee that investigated the crimes of the Germans in Belgium and France, supported the idea of ??a League of Nations.
Combining the life of a scientist and statesman-practice, Bruce has made a long journey in the USA, South America, Europe, and the British dominions. Rich observation allowed him to apply in their political and legal writings of comparative analysis techniques. His first work SvyaschennayaRimskaya Empire (The Holy Roman Empire, 1864) was written when Bruce taught at Oxford. The most famous work - The American Commonwealth (The American Commonwealth, 1888) opened a new topic and to this day remains a classic scientific work in this area. Another famous work - Modern Democracy (Modern Democracies, 1921). Among other works of Bruce - Studies in the History and Law (Studies in History and Jurisprudence, 1901) - contribution to the field of comparative law. Bruce died in Sidmouth (county Devonshire) January 22, 1922.