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Jakob Boehme

Picture of Jakob Boehme

Date of Birth: 04/24/1575

Age: 49

Place of birth: Alt-Seidenberg near Gorlitz in Saxony

Citizenship: Germany

Background

Born April 24, 1575 in Alt-Seidenberg, village near Gorlitz in Saxony. He was raised in the Lutheran faith, and received only a primary education. Worked underherdsman was then determined in the apprentice to the shoemaker in the Seidenberg and in 1599 opened his own shoe shop in Gorlitz. In 1600, apparently under the influence of a local pastor Martin Moller, Bohme survived bright mystical illumination, which was revealed to him that everything is "Yes" and "No". As soon as Boehme acquired spiritual maturity, his mystical experience deepened, and eventually he presented his insights in a series of great theological and philosophical writings. His first book, Aurora, or Dawn in the ascent (Aurora, Morgenr te im Aufgang, 1612) - "infantile beginning," as he called it - nevertheless attracted everyone`s attention, with the result that the City Council of Gorlitz banned Boehme engage in writing. Boehme was silent for seven years, but then, yielding convictions of a small circle of friends and admirers, secretly familiar with his works, resumed his literary career. From 1619 until his death Boehme wrote 30 books and treatises (some of them are not finished). In these works, he appears as one of the greatest speculative philosophers of the West, have a significant impact on F.Shellinga, G.V.F.Gegelya, A. Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche, E.fon Hartmann, Henri Bergson, and M. Heidegger P.Tilliha.

Works Bohme can be divided into several groups. Among his philosophical writings include treatise on the three principles (Von den drei Principien, 1619), about the threefold human life (Von dem dreifaltigen Leben des Menschen, 1619), Forty questions of the soul (1620), On the Incarnation (Von der Menschwerdung Christi, 1620), on the imprinting of all existence (1622), as well as two mature works: on the election of grace (Von der Gnadenwahl, 1623) and the great mystery (Mysterium magnum) (1623). Mystical and religious writings about true repentance (1622), On the revival (1622), On the supersensible life (1622) and O divine prayer (1624) are generally published under the title The Way to Christ (Der Weg zu Christo). Kapologeticheskim writings include two treatises, t direction against radical sectarianism Stiefel and Meta, two - against kriptokalvinista (ie accused in a hidden commitment to Calvinism) Balthasar Tilke and one - against persecution by g