Ivan Grevs

Picture of Ivan Grevs

Place of birth: Voronezh Huber

Citizenship: Russia


He studied at the gymnasium Larin, the historical-philological faculty of St. Petersburg University, where his research interests determine the effect of VG Wasilewski (see. Grevs essay "V. Vasilevsky as a teacher of science," in the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", 1899). For student years include the work "of the Roman Byzantine State in the VI., Legislative collections of Christian emperors." After graduation, Graves became a teacher in the gymnasium EP Schaff and other educational institutions, and since 1889 assistant professor at the university. In 1890 - 92 and 1894 - 96 years Graves was sent abroad. In libraries and seminaries of Rome and Paris, been preparing a lot of his research on the economic structure and the social psyche of the transition from republic to empire Roman society, part of which appeared in the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education" ( "Large rural farm in ancient Italy and a large landholding in the Roman world to end of the 1st century of the empire ", in September 1897," Restoring typical Roman norms of peasant agriculture ", July 1898). Entering the circle of Parisian medievalists, when they were still alive ideas and inspiration Fustel de Coulanges, Graves deeply took its effect (see Article Graves:. "Fustel de Coulanges" in the 1st edition of this dictionary, "Introduction" by published under the editorship of Graves translation works of the author of "The social structure of ancient France", St. Petersburg, 1907 -. 10, and the article "a new study of colonate" in the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", 1886). Under this influence ripe main principles of scientific outlook Graves: belief in the creative, decisive role of consciousness in the depths of even the so-called natural process of history and in a continuous powerful cultural vitality of the Roman tradition. These ideas penetrate in scientific works Graves and his professorial courses (which he led from 1892 at the university and at the University for Women). A staunch supporter of the scientific seminar work, Graves was one of its zealous planter. From this work, Graves has been cut off by the Minister of Education, NP Bogolepova, dismissing him from the rank of assistant professor after the student riots in 1899 In 1900, Graves defended his master`s thesis "Essays on the history of the Roman land ownership, especially in the times of the empire." From Volume II-nd this work was later essay "Petronius data for the characterization of large estates" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education"). Remote from the University of Graves worked as a member or chairman of the commission set up by a number of private schools in St. Petersburg (Tenishev school, commercial school in the Forest, and later a school in St. Petersburg (Tenishev school, commercial school in the Forest, later Balaeva School) and circles, sets the task of theoretical the resolution of problems of secondary school, as a teacher and the chairman (for 18 years) girls `school teachers` council LS Tagantsev, finally, as a teacher of history in all of the schools and in the Alexander lyceum influence of his distinctive teaching method, solves the problem of "transformation of science. in a subject "who knew how to use history as a means of awakening the noble and high thoughts and feelings, left a deep impression on the boys and girls Graves and numerous groups of young teachers, working under his direction. The general attitude to the school, a broad understanding of her problems have found expression in a number of essays on her, and her characterization of figures ( "essays on modern historical teaching in higher educational institutions of Paris" in the "historical Review", "Long working life, memory EP Schaff "in the" Russian School ", article in memory of VA Fausek in the" Collection "Higher Courses for Women, Soloviev and Dragomanov (in the" North Star ", SN Trubetskoy) . in 1902, Graves again returned to the University (a little earlier invited professor at the Polytechnic Institute, where he taught for a year), and in 1903 returned to the higher women`s courses. The social movement of these years has put a new professorship very complex task. Graves became a zealous member of the groups and committees, who worked on their resolution (the organization of students, subject teaching system, and so on. d.). Especially prominent was his work on women`s courses, where the dean of the Faculty of Philology, he was one of the main figures of the seminar organization and devices seminary libraries. Graves was a supporter of great historical excursions that valued and as a tool of general education, and as "a necessary view of the historic seminary" in the opening of opportunities "to meet the real trail of world culture" (see. Graves article on the subject: "Walking on the scientific and artistic center of Italy", "The theory and practice excursions, as an instrument of scientific study of the history of the universities", "Scientific Word" and the "Journal of the Ministry of National Education"). At various times, under his leadership had made large excursions to "medieval cities" of the Baltic region, Poland, France and Italy. For many years, Graves was chairman of the Historical Society of General History section at St. Petersburg University, editor of the Middle Ages in this dictionary, where he owns Art. . "Augustine", etc. In the 82-volume "Encyclopedic Dictionary" and he wrote a number of articles (major: "Feudalism", "Fustel de Coulanges", "Florence", "Tacitus", "Thierry", and many others.. ). He owns article "Alaric and the Visigoths" in the "Book for Reading" Vinogradov. Special Grevs scientific work during these years is reflected in the small print (note the "Sketches of Florentine culture" in the "Scientific Word"). Several of the original work started they are not embodied in the form of printed papers, and went to the construction of new courses and seminars; from this work in 1911 came a collection of "Ivan Mikhailovich Graves - students" to mark the 25-year activity of Graves. As a public figure, Graves belonged to the circles from which came the movement "Union of Liberation" and there was konstutsionno Democratic Party. In an article on the university subject in the journals "right", "Scientific Word" and "Polar Star" ( "Creation and destruction in high school", etc..), He defended the principles of liberty and culture, "the university, independent of government tyranny and party - right and left - bitterness, "to create a dream of his" workshop, where knowledge of the truth is forged and made life and social ideals. " O. Dobiash-Christmas.