Ivan Dityatyn

Picture of Ivan Dityatyn

Date of Birth: 1847

Age: 45

Place of birth: St. Petersburg

Citizenship: Russia


Bourgeois by birth, brought up in a patriarchal family, he is only happy circumstances received his secondary education in the Seventh St. Petersburg High School and then in 1866 entered the law faculty of St. Petersburg University. There Dityatin particularly interested in lectures of Professor AD Gradovsky, attracted the attention of his abilities, and at the end of the course was left at the university in the department of public law. Influence of lectures and published works Gradovsky left lasting marks on his uchenike.Vybiraya topic for his first scientific work, Dityatin took a sample of the "History of local government in Russia" - a great work of his master, and set out to trace what happened to the relationship between the central government and organization of local societies. The basis of his work: "Design and management of cities in Russia. Cities in the XVIII century "lay the idea that at the Moscow centralization could not develop any strong group of self-governing local communities. Statement of values ??and destiny of the Petrine reforms fully confirmed and justified the idea also for the first time of the Russian Empire. Only the transformation of Catherine II put us top of the social and urban management. For this work the author received a master`s degree in public law, and after that was appointed professor at the Demidov Lyceum in Yaroslavle.Chto done for 6 months in the Kirov region? Within two years, he has prepared the second volume of his study, which followed, to a large extent on the basis of archive material, the fate of urban public management doreformy 1870. He received for this work in 1877, a doctorate in St. Petersburg University. In 1878 he was elected a full professor in the Department of History of Law at the University of Kharkov, where he remained until 1887 goda.V this decade professorship is not interrupted, and the scientific and literary activity Dityatin. On the one hand, a number of journal articles and in particular published work, he returns to his old theme, which partly contributed to the celebration of the centennial of the Charter to the city. On the other hand, his attention is drawn to certain aspects of the state organization in the Moscow period and during the empire, especially the political role of the Zemsky Sobor and the impact of population on the legislation by petition. On this basis Dityatin had a very large service Russian historical science, enriching it with new valuable material on the history and organization of the Zemsky Sobor: he found the documents relating to the cathedral in 1651 on the accession of the Ukraine, and among these documents - correspondence, explaining much of the organization of the election representation at the Zemsky Sobor. In a special article - "On the Zemsky Sobor XVII century" - the author gave a full explanation of these materials and otsenku.V 1887 external circumstances forced him to leave the department at Kharkov University for two years and to stop teaching. In 1889 he was appointed professor of public law at the University of Dorpat, but this time it came to the department already seriously ill, so repeatedly had to interrupt its course, and in the autumn of 1890 finally stopped lecturing.