Ivan Borgman

Picture of Ivan Borgman

Date of Birth: 02/12/1849

Age: 65

Citizenship: Russia


He studied in the 2 nd St. Petersburg High School, after graduation in 1866 he entered the St. Petersburg University, the Physics and Mathematics Faculty.

He graduated from the course with a degree candidate in 1870, continued to work at the university for the degree of Master of Physics. In 1873, Borgman went to the University of Heidelberg, where he attended lectures and worked in the laboratory Kirchhoff. In 1875 he was appointed assistant in the St. Petersburg University.

In 1877 he defended his thesis "On the galvanic resistance of coal at different temperatures," based on their own experiences, and began lecturing as a privat-docent.

The following year he defended his thesis "On the influence of environment on electromagnetic phenomena and the definition of the functions of the magnetization of liquids", received a master`s degree. Further work is also devoted to Bormann electricity and magnetism.

Doctorate II Borgman received in 1882 after defending his dissertation "On the iron heating at Slight magnetization." As a professor at the University Borgman gave courses in almost all branches of physics (mechanics, optics, electricity, thermodynamics), to improve the system of teaching and conducting workshops. In addition, Borgman has lectured at the University for Women, in the teaching for Women (1876-1883) and in the Institute of Electrical Engineering. Technological Institute in St. Petersburg also believed Borgman his teacher on the mechanical theory of heat and electrical engineering.

Borgman taught physics to members of the imperial family. In January of 1883 to 1886 - the heir to the throne, the young Nikolai Alexandrovich. At the same time began to teach the Grand Duke Georgy Alexandrovich, he graduated from teaching in 1890. After that, he taught as the Grand Duchesses Xenia Alexandrovna and Olga Alexandrovna and the Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich.

Since 1886 for many years Borgman was editor of the physical part of the "Journal of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society". "

In 1899, the St. Petersburg Electrotechnical Institute awarded an honorary electrical engineer - one of the first out of all 17 to whom it was given (from 1899 to 1903. Among them: DA Lachinov, AN Lodygin NN Benardos, Popov, MO Dolivo-Dobrovolsky, KF Siemens).

From 1975 to 1900, Borgman was the editor of the first Russian physics journal - "Journal of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society" (ZhRFKhO), now the "Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics" (ZH).

Under the leadership of Borgman and its plans in 1901 when the University was founded Physics Institute, which satisfies the most advanced requirements of the time. The building of the Physics Institute was the first in Russia, designed specifically for physics classes.

Borgman became the first director of the newly established Institute. He presented the Institute busts of Newton and Faraday, now adorn the 108 th audience. Personal book collection II Borgman gave rise to the faculty library.

In 1905 he became the first elected rector of the University of St. Petersburg, in five years (1910) in protest against the violation of the rights of students left the police post. In 1906, a member of the State Council of the university.

In 1911 he was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LLD) University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

May 17, 1914 Ivan Ivanovich Borgman died.

Almost all of the many works II Borgman were published in the "Journal of the Russian Physico-Chemical Society".

The main works include:

* "On the galvanic current conduction liquid plates" (1881);

* "On the heated glass capacitors with Slight their electrifying" (1885);

* "Experiments on the spread of electric current through the air `` (1886-1887).


* "The magnetic flux and his actions";

* "Fundamentals of the doctrine of the electrical and magnetic phenomena" (2 volumes).

Recent work devoted to the electric glow of rarefied gases (1899-1904) and the radioactivity of Russian medicinal mud (1904-1905).

Since 1910 edited the collections "New ideas in physics."