Date of Birth: 11/19/1917
Place of birth: Allahabad
The Iron Lady of India
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, 19.11.1917 - 31.10.1984) - Indian politician, the fourth Prime Minister of India (India) and a key figure in the party `Indian National kongress`.
At birth, Indira Gandhi called `Indira Neru` (Indira Nehru); born, she appeared in a family of Kashmiri Pandits in Allahabad (Allahabad). Indira was the only child in the family; later her younger brother was born, but his life span was released a little. Indira Childhood frankly is not set; the father of her, Jawaharlal Nehru (Jawaharlal Nehru), often away from home, doing chores or political persuasion otsizhivaya another term in jail, while his mother was sick a lot, rarely got out of bed relatively early and died of tuberculosis. With Gandhi`s father talked mostly of letters, and this communication was not particularly intense.
Indira studied for the most part at home; later, she entered the University of Viswa Bharati University at Santiniketan (Shantiniketan). It was here that she met Rabindranath Tagore (Rabindranath Tagore), who gave her a new name - Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (Indira Priyadarshini Nehru). A year later, Nehru dropped out in order to take care of her sick mother in Europe; later it was decided to continue their studies in the Oxford. Enrolling at the second attempt (due to poor knowledge of Latin), Indira was engaged in the study of history, political science and economics; these sciences were given her good, but Latin and continue to be a serious problem.
Indira and very tormented health problems; often she had to go for treatment in Switzerland (Switzerland), which is studying it affects not the best way. It was at the time of the next course of treatment Indira was cut off from England by the Nazis; return to the country it was possible only at the beginning of 1941. From England Indira fled to India, studies have not finished; Oxford later awarded her an honorary degree.
Even in the UK Indira beginning closely communicate with her future husband Feroze Gandhi (Feroze Gandhi); We know they were still at Allahabad, and that is where they were married.
In the period from 1947 to 1964-th Gandhi held the position of Director of Human Resources in the administration of his father; this organization are extremely centralized, so that the power in the hands of the Indira gathered considerably. In 1959, it was elected president of the Congress; Gandhi later proposed and released her father as prime minister. For the first time Indira refused the offer, remaining ordinary minister; Gandhi agreed to accept the post only in 1966.
As prime minister, Indira Gandhi became famous primarily for its total hardness, ruthlessness and love of centralized systems. For the sake of supporting the fighters for the independence of East Pakistan Gandhi got involved in full-scale conflict with Pakistan; This conflict ended with the victory of India and the creation of Bangladesh (Bangladesh) and a serious increase in the influence of India in the region as a whole.
Considerable attention is paid to the development of Gandhi and the continuation of one of the largest projects of its father of India`s nuclear program. In 1967, it endorsed the nuclear test, which was a response to similar tests of the Chinese (which Gandhi saw a certain threat to India as a whole). How it should overclock program only in 1974, and it was then held its first underground nuclear weapon tests.
In the period from 1975 to 1977-th Indira Gandhi led the government state of emergency; among other things, in this period, she made a number of relevant and to this day the changes in the Constitution of India (India).
In 1977, after a second continuation of a state of emergency, Indira Gandhi arranged a new election. As subsequent events showed, popular support for himself Gandhi greatly overestimated - probably too trusting heavily censored news publications.
Party of Gandhi in the elections literally destroyed, and your post is lost. After the election, the party split into two parts; opposition, with the support of the new government expressed the need for the arrest of Indira Gandhi and her younger son Sanjay (Sanjay Gandhi). Supporters Gandhi replied to her arrest `Indian Airlines` seizure of aircraft, that the reputation of the most affected Indira not the best way. Fortunately, finally came back popular support; Indira opponents had one only hatred for itself that a solid foundation was clearly not for the alliance.
By 1980 the party of Gandhi regained its former power and authority.
Indira Gandhi was killed shortly after antisikhskoy Indian military operation `Blue Zvezda`. Shot Gandhi as her own bodyguards Satvant Singh (Satwant Singh) and Beant Singh (Beant Singh), of service weapons in the garden of the residence of the Prime Minister.