Herbert Spencer Gasser
Date of Birth: 07/05/1888
Place of birth: Platteville
Citizenship: United States
In 1923 he received a scholarship to study in Europe, where he worked under the guidance of professors A.V.Hilla, V.Strauba, L.Lapika and Sir Henry Dale. In 1931 he became a professor of psychology and head of the medical department at Cornell University (New York). From 1935 to 1953 he headed the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, and later became an honorary member of the Institute.
Even in the period of his work in the medical school at Johns Hopkins Gasser he dealt with problems of blood coagulation, but his main work (in collaboration with Prof. Erlanger) dedicated electrophysiology of nerve endings. The first scientific work is devoted to developments in the phrenic nerve, and later, with the advent of the oscilloscope made it possible to demonstrate the differences in the sensitivity of nerve endings, in particular, that the pulse propagation velocity is directly proportional to the diameter of the nerve fiber. These experiences greatly advanced scientists in understanding the mechanisms of pain and formed the basis for a new direction, neurophysiology.
In 1937 he published a book of registration of electric nervous activity (Electrical Signs of Nervous Activity), one of the authors of which was Gasser. He has also published numerous articles, in particular in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, which actively collaborated.
In 1944, Gasser and Erlanger won the Nobel "for their discoveries relating to the highly differentiated functions of single nerve fibers" award.
Honorary Doctor of the University of Pennsylvania, Rochester, Wisconsin, Columbia, Oxford, Harvard, Paris. Washington (Saint Louis) and Johns Hopkins University; Member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the Association of American Physicians. Awarded the Medal of male (American Association of Physiologists, 1954).
Works: A Study of the Mechanism by Which Muscular Exercise Produces Acceleration of the Heart