Date of Birth: 01/28/1457
Citizenship: United Kingdom
From birth to the future accession to the throne the king bore the name of Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond (Earl of Richmond). According to the father belonged to an ancient race of Wales, who took the name of Tudor after Henry`s great-grandfather, Tidira ap Goronwy (Tudur). Grandfather Henry, Owen Tudor, was in the service of the widow of King Henry V and Henry VI, mother of Catherine of Valois French princess; it is not known exactly whether the secret marriage consecrated by their long-standing relationship, from which was born several children recognized. Their son, Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, half-brother of King Henry VI of, once more affinity with the family of Lancaster, married Margaret Beaufort, granddaughter illegitimate (later legitimized) son of the founder of Lancaster John of Gaunt House.
13-year-old Margaret gave birth to a single child - the future Henry VII - two months after the premature death of her husband. At this time, it was already Wars of the Roses. The widowed Countess of Richmond has twice married the prominent supporters of the House of Lancaster, the second of them - Thomas Stanley - subsequently helped stepson changing Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth.
The Road to Power
As may be shaky right Henry Tudor, descendant of an illegitimate son (Beaufort family has traditionally been considered not entitled to the throne, in addition, it was illegal and the marriage of Owen Tudor and Catherine of France - if any, took place), after the death of Henry VI and his son Edward , Prince of Wales, in 1471, Earl of Richmond, who abides with his uncle Jasper Tudor in exile in France, was among the few surviving relatives of the Lancaster dynasty. From 1475, Henry lived in the Duchy of Brittany Francis II at the Duke on the rights of the prisoner, but enjoyed good conditions.
During the reign of Edward IV stable lankasterskihpretendentov have had little chance of success, but after his death and removal from power (and, as is usually assumed murder) of his sons Richard III (1483) in England, again an era of riots and unrest opposition. Philippe de Commines wrote in "Memoirs": "The Lord is very quickly sent to King Richard the enemy, who did not have a penny to his name, and, as it seems, no rights to the crown of England - in short, there was nothing decent, but honor; but he suffered for a long time and spent most of his life a prisoner ... ". With the support of France in 1485, Henry realized the landing in Wales, where, using the Welsh origins of its kind, took a lot of supporters. August 22, 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth King Richard`s army was defeated, and he himself was killed. Henry was proclaimed king on the battlefield and entered some time in London, a parliamentary decree approved the throne for himself and his descendants, without any special justification - so he became King of England by right of conquest, like Wilhelm I. If Henry Tudor officially He claimed the crown by right of inheritance of Lancaster house, then it obviously would have to get at it, and the good health of his mother - lady Margaret Beaufort. Margarita, briefly survived her son, not in conflict with him over claims to the throne, although sometimes subscribed