Henry Home Lord Kames
Place of birth: Berwickshire
Citizenship: United Kingdom
Henry Home Kames was born in the house, between the village of Eccles (Eccles) and Birghemom, Berwickshire (Birgham, Berwickshire). His education was engaged a private tutor. Home studied law at Edinburgh (Edinburgh), then in 1724-m called to the Bar.
As Home lawyer has earned a good reputation, he has produced a number of works on civil and Scottish law and became one of the leaders of the Scottish Enlightenment. In 1752 th he was appointed to the post of judge, thereby obtaining the title of Lord.
Home was a member of the jury in the African slave Joseph Knight (Joseph Knight), sold in Jamaica (Jamaica) Scot John Wedderburn (John Wedderburn). In 1772-m England (England) has questioned the legitimacy of slavery. Assuming that slavery is now illegal in the rest of the UK, Knight demanded wage from its owner. In the end, the servant set off rushing, was caught Wedderburn, and the case was in the court of Session (the highest civil court in Scotland) to the 1777-th. James Boswell and Samuel Johnson (Samuel Johnson) said that `no man by nature is not owned drugogo`. Since there was no evidence that the Knight abandoned his natural liberty, he had to be released.
Lord Kames has written extensively about the importance of community. In his essay `Essay Upon Several Subjects Concerning British Antiquities`, written once after the Jacobite uprising of 1745-th, he said that the Scottish politics as Jacobites say, is not based on loyalty to the king and queen, and rests on the royal land grants, granted in exchange for loyalty.
In another work, `Historical Law Tracts`, and then in the` Sketches on the History of Man` Home has described human history, highlighting four main stages. At first, he spoke about the hunter-gatherer. On the second - to the shepherds who are already needed in the formation of large companies. The first two steps do not imply the existence of any laws, except for those that gave heads of families or society. In the third stage, when the developed agriculture, require closer cooperation and a new relationship to carry on trade or employment (or slavery). Home argued that `a close alliance between the set of people provoked by rural hozyaystvom`, required a new set of rights and responsibilities in society. This led to the birth of new laws and those who regulate the implementation of these laws. Finally, the fourth stage - the transition from the villages and farms to ports and urban markets, which resulted in the laws even more complexity, but also led to the recovery of greater benefit.
Home witnessed all of these steps on the example of Scotland, with its lands for grazing and mountainous terrain suitable for agriculture; with the Scottish lowlands by industry and cultural city of Glasgow (Glasgow) and Edinburgh with their growing business.
According to their beliefs, Henry was poligenistom, ie I believe that God created different races on the ground in the different regions. In his book `Sketches on the History of Man` 1734 th he argued that the environment, the climate and the state of society can not explain the racial differences. According to him, the race was worth regarded as separate species.
Lord Kames love intellectual conversations. During his life he nurtured a large number of its intellectual adherents, among whom were John Home (John Home), David Hume and James Boswell. He also had discussions with Lord Monboddo (Lord Monboddo), but the latter is often strongly disagreed with the views of Kames.