Date of Birth: 08/01/1081
Henry V. The question of investiture
Henry V, King of Germany, with 1106 used wrongfully acquired their power. But if a hierarchical, or popish party hoped to find in him a ruler in his spirit, an obedient tool of the church direction, she was wrong. The main reason for the uprising against his father Henry was probably the fear that he, as far as can be judged by his past activities, does not show a sufficient resistance to the hierarchical party; her anger does not frighten him, he was familiar coin, which pays the clergy. He was a great master of words and theatrical antics, inherited from his father, and his mind was able to restrain their passion. Overbearing and uncommunicative, he sensed great human weakness and used it to advantage. Topic of the day was the question of investiture, is not allowed, but only through a complicated Pope Urban rule, whereby no cleric could not be in the Universe according to the layman, it was equally unconditional destruction investiture. Henry the V, investing fief elected bishop handed to him by the old custom, as the real dignity of signs, the staff and ring, making the ceremony in person or through an authorized person. This rite bishop or abbot introduced into the possession of the lands and the rights associated with them, bringing fief oath to the king, which is subject to certain obligations. As incredible blindness Gregorian party demanded the rights and benefits associated with the spiritual post, denying any obligation on the part of the clergy. The German bishops and senior clergy were well aware that the destruction of the Universe according to the sovereigns followed and taken away from them PARTICULAR possessions and that their complete independence from the laity more subordinate their stately hierarchy, and eventually Dad will pay them in their Myznikov that he can pushed around on a whim, they complained in the days of Gregory. At the Council of Troyes (1107), Pope Paschal II rebuked the German congregation that does not find it desirable humility. But then he did not dare to go, and it`s quiet. The negotiations were not interrupted, and the relationship between the pope and the king remained bearable. In 1110, after a not very successful campaigns in the east, in Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, Henry V went over the Alps from Regensburg, where the princes said its intention. He was with a large army and reliable: the number of knights-retainers rather increased during the last war, and most of them at the present moment was not the case. In his entourage were several scholars (literati), t. E. Those who studied the legal issues and are able to solve them. When Henry IV prolonged the war and internecine party, - that mighty teacher, in the apt words of the ancient Greek historian - taught people to use, and this kind of weapon. Henry came to Upper Italy firmly and decisively. We took it all good, and the nobility hastened its headquarters in Parma; Margravine Matilda herself hast devotion to the crown, while Dad brought back from a trip to southern Italy to the Norman princes alone verbal assurances from these old friends of the church. Royal Ambassadors met in Rome a warm welcome; Dad was completely powerless, but Henry did not skimp on the respectful expression in relation to it. Even in a campaign he had been offered through the mediation of the church party such conditions the pope: he, the king, had to give up investiture, in return for which "the Church would refuse their PARTICULAR ducal, princely, Markgraflerland rights: patrimonial, customs, coins and all privileges" . "Church will be satisfied with tithes and freewill offering," - said the pope royal ambassadors. If Dad wanted to dig a hole to the king, which is quite likely to offer him such unrealizable conditions, which could turn upside down all social order, then he fell into the pit prepared, however, by the merits of the case. Henry accepted the conditions, adequate guarantees have been given, and he entered the city of fun, noisily welcomed by the population. The wedding of his imperial crown was supposed to happen on the promulgation of the agreement. King saw to it that St. Peter was guarded by his men; after reading the contract rose incredible noise when walked into the ears of all the act, which deprived the clergy and laity of their property and could give rise to total chaos. Natural stimulation of the German bishops from the Pope suite Genrihaobratilos, and blood was shed among risen confusion. Dad is now demanded the abolition of the decision of the investiture, crowning the king insisted, in accordance with the contract. The strength was on his side, and he decided to arrest the pope. But to remain longer in the dangerous Roman soil, and he did not want to leave the city after a bloody day, took the pope and several cardinals. At his side were the worldly interests of many, and because he could dare to do what previously did not dare to make any one king. Paschal did not like on some of Gregory VII; it was precipitated by persuasion to give up, and the king, as an experienced actor, is now carried out in practice the promise made to them at the beginning of the reign of the one who was now his prisoner; Then he promised to honor the Church, as a mother, to see in the Pope the father. And so he rushed to the pope on his knees, as did his father, asked for forgiveness, swore him obedience - if only he had left behind him the rights of his predecessors. And the pope conceded: every bishop or abbot, elected freely and without simony, was to receive his fief from the king, and no one could be devoted to obtaining a royal investiture. Henry returned to Rome with a peaceful Pope, was crowned with the imperial crown, without further trouble and went back to Germany, where in the presence of many princes and bishops gave the land of his father`s body in the Speyer Cathedral.
Source: Eger O. World History in 4m .; OOO "Izdatelstvo AST", Moscow, 2000.